Session 1

Participle clauses are ways of linking ideas together to make more complex sentences. Dan explains more with the help of some coffee, which, to say the least, is not the nicest!

በዚህ ክፍል ያሉ ክፍለ ጊዜያት

ክፍለጊዜያት 1 ነጥብ።

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

BBC English Class

Participle clauses

Participle clauses use a present or past participle in a clause instead of a typical subject + verb form. There are different kinds of participle clauses for different situations. In this video Dan talks about one type, participle clauses of reason. To help demonstrate the grammar, the producer provides Dan with a cup of coffee.

ቨዲዮውን ተመልክተው ክንውኑን ይፈፅሙ

ፅሁፍ አሳይ ፅሁፍ ደብቅ

Hi guys, Dan for BBC Learning English here. In this lesson were going to be looking at participle clauses, all right?

Now, before we begin, it’s important to understand that participle clauses can be a big, scary area of grammar, all right? It’s an absolutely huge area, but don’t worry, because we can take it nice and slowly. I’m here, I’m going to keep you safe, all right?

We’re only going to focus on one particular area of grammar.

Now, having explained that, I can start the timer. Are you ready? Here we go.

So, participle clauses are a way of linking two smaller clauses together in a complex sentence. They usually start with an ‘ing’ but not always. And in today’s lesson we’ll be focussing on causation, which means ‘because’, OK? Are you ready for your first example? Here we go.

Being a man, I shave every day.

Here, ‘being a man’ means, ‘because I am a man’.

Did you notice the change of verb?

Because I am a man. Am becomes being and moves to the beginning of the sentence.

Did you get it? Good.

Let’s look at a second example.

Being young, I made a lot of mistakes.

I said I was sorry. Some people are so unforgiving.

Here, ‘being young’ means, ‘because I was young.’ Did you notice the difference?

Being a man – because I am a man.

Being young – because I was young.

The participle clause doesn’t change its form even though the meaning is in a different tense. Did you get it? Good.

Let’s try one more example.

Having tried the coffee… aargh, it’s disgusting … I don’t recommend it.

Here, ‘having tried the coffee’ means, ‘because I have tried the coffee’ or ‘because I tried the coffee.’ Either present perfect or past simple.

By using ‘having’ plus a past participle we emphasise that the action has been finished before the main verb of the main clause. Did you get it? Good. I hope so.

Now, having explained that to you, I hope you fully understand everything. But in case you didn’t, please log on to for a full transcript, explanation and activities on participle clauses.

Good job guys, couldn’t make it this week, hopefully next week. I’ve been Dan, you’ve been fantastic. See you later.


Using a present participle clause can give a reason for the action in the main clause, which can be past, present or future. The time is indicated by the form of the main verb. The participle clause doesn't change.

  • Being young, I made lots of mistakes.
    Because I was young I made lots of mistakes.

  • Being inexperienced, he makes lots of mistakes.
    Because he is inexperienced he makes lots of mistakes.

  • Being the only person there, you will have to make the coffee yourself.
    Because you will be the only person there you will have to make the coffee yourself.

Perfect participle (Having + past participle)

This form indicates that the action described in the participle clause happened before the action of the main clause. The meaning can be past, past perfect or present perfect. The time is indicated by the form of the main verb. The participle clause doesn't change.

  • Having tried the coffee, I don't recommend it.
    Because I tried/have tried the coffee, I don't recommend it.

  • Having discussed it with my teacher, I decided to take the exam a year early.
    Because I had discussed it with my teacher I decided to take the exam a year early.

To do

Having read the information above, try a quiz to see if you understand.

Participle clauses

5 Questions

In each question choose the best option to complete the sentence.

እንኳን ደስ ያለዎ ሙከራውን አጠናቀዋል
Excellent! Great job! መጥፎ እድል ነጥብ አስመዝግበዋል :
x / y

End of session

Well done. That's the end of this session.


The language of currrent affairs is up next in News Review.

የሰዋሰው ክፍለ ጊዜ

  • Participle clauses for giving reasons

    Being a man, I shave everyday. = 
    Because I am a man...

    Being young, I made many mistakes. =
    Because I was young...

    Perfect participle forms show that the action in the participle clause was finished before the action in the main clause.

    Having tried the coffee, I don't recommend it. = 
    Because I tried/have tried the coffee...