Session 2

Which tense is this: How long have you been learning English? It's the present perfect continuous - and that's what we're looking at in this session.

በዚህ ክፍል ያሉ ክፍለ ጊዜያት

ክፍለጊዜያት 2 ነጥብ።

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    Activity 1
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    Activity 2
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    Activity 3

Activity 1

Long time no see!

Feeling tense?

In this activity we're looking at the present perfect continuous tense. It's the one we use to talk about:

1) Activities that started in the past and are continuing now

  • We've been learning Spanish this year.

2) An activity which has recently finished

  • Have you been smoking? I can smell smoke!

ፅሁፉን ያንብቡና ቀጣዩን ክንውን ይሞክሩ

To do

We'll explore the form further down this page. But instead of us just telling you the form, why don't you have a go at making it first?

In the activity, there are six sentences which you have to put into the correct order. All the sentences are about a reunion where classmates haven't seen each other for a long time. They're all in the present perfect continuous.

Make the present perfect continuous

4 Questions

Form sentences in the present perfect continuous tense

እንኳን ደስ ያለዎ ሙከራውን አጠናቀዋል
Excellent! Great job! መጥፎ እድል ነጥብ አስመዝግበዋል :
x / y

Did you get them all right? Now, let's have a look at the form.

Form

The present perfect continuous is made with:

Subject + have/has/haven't/hasn't + been + present participle of main verb

Positive

  • Jack's working very hard for his exams. He's been revising all day.
  • I've been working at the café for two weeks.
  • You've been watching far too much telly for too long. Why don't you take up a new sport?

Negative

  • I haven't been drinking coffee these last few days and my head is much clearer.
  • Doctor, I've not been feeling good all the morning.

Question

Present perfect continuous questions are made with:

Have/has not + subject + been + present participle

  • Have you been eating all the biscuits? There are none left!
  • What have you been doing? You look exhausted!

Next

Well done. You've practised the form, but what's harder than that is knowing exactly when to use this tense. In the next activity, you'll look at situations and decide whether or not the present perfect continuous is appropriate.

የሰዋሰው ክፍለ ጊዜ

  • Present perfect continuous tense

    Meaning and use

    To talk about an activity that started in the past and is continuing now or has recently finished.

    • I’ve been reading that new book you lent me…

    Form - positive and negative

    subject + have/has/haven’t/hasn’t + been + present participle of main verb

    • He’s been revising all day
    • I haven’t been drinking coffee recently

    Form - question

    • Have you been eating biscuits?