Session 19

Listen to find out how to invite someone to do something.
ከመይ ጌርካ ንሓደ ሰብ ሓደ ነገር ከም ዚገብር እትገብሮ ንምፍላጥ ስማዕ

በዚህ ክፍል ያሉ ክፍለ ጊዜያት

ክፍለጊዜያት 19 ነጥብ።

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

How do I invite someone to do something?

ነዚ መደብዚ ብምስማዕ ከመይ ጌርካ ንሰባት ሓደ ነገር ከም ዚገብሩ ክትገብር ስማዕ።

መልስታትካ ንምንጽጻር ስማዕ፡ ብድሕርዚ ምስቲ ኣብ ታሕቲ ዘሎ ትራንስክሪት ኣወዳድሮ.

ፅሁፍ አሳይ ፅሁፍ ደብቅ

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ሰላም፣ እንቋዕ ናብ መደብ How do I… ብድሓን መጻእኩም። ኣነ ተኽልማርያም በኪት ኢየ፡ ምሳና’ውን ሾን ኣላ።

Sian
Hi, everybody.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ንሎሚ ብኸመይ ሰባት ከምእንዕድም ክንርኢ ኢና። እስከ እዞም ዝስዕቡ ኣርባዕተ ሰባት ብዛዕባ'ቲ ክገብርዎ ዝሓሰቡ ነገር ብኸመይ ንመሓዙቶም ከምዝዕድሙ ብምስማዕ ነዚ ሕቶ መልሱ፤ ኣየናዮም'ዩ ንመሓዝኡ ናብ ገዝኡ ዓዲሙ?

Are you free tonight?

Do you want to go to the cinema on Friday?

Would you like to come for dinner this weekend?

Why don't you come to the beach with us?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ሕራይ እምበኣር፤ እቲ 3ይ ተዛራባይ ነቲ ሰማዒ ንድራር ናብ ገዝኡ ዓዲሙ። ሕጂ ብኸመይ ዕድመ ከምእንገብር ንርአ። ፈለማ ግን መን'ዩ ክመጽእ ዝኽእል ምፍላጥ የድልየና።

Sian
Yes! So you can ask the question ‘Are you free…?’ and then give the day or time. So you can say ‘Are you free this weekend?’ or ‘Are you free tonight?’

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Great! ፈለማ እቲ እንዕድሞ ሰብ ንኽመጽእ ነጻ ምኻኑ ምስ ኣረጋገጽና ንዕድሞ።

Sian
Yes, one way to invite people is to use the verb ‘want’ – ‘Do you want to…?’ But what happens to the pronunciation? Let's listen again.

Do you want to go to the cinema on Friday?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Interesting! ስለዚ፤ ‘want’ ከምኡ’ውን ‘to’ ብሓባር ‘wanna’ ይኸውን ማለት'ዩ።

Sian
Yes. Let's practise. Repeat after me:
…wanna…
Do you wanna go to the cinema?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ግርም። ክሳብ ሕጂ ‘want to’ ወስኺና ኣሎና። ስለዚ ኣብ'ዚ ዝስዕብ እቲ ግሲ ‘go’ ነይሩ፤ እቲ ግሲ ምቕያር'ውን ይከኣል'ዩ። ኣብ ዕድመ ልሙድ ዝኾነ ግሲ ድማ ‘have’ – ‘Do you wanna have...?’ ወይ ድማ ‘come’ – ‘Do you wanna come...?’ ኢዮም።

Sian
So next we heard ‘Would you like to…?’ This is slightly more formal than ‘Do you want to…?’ but it’s another useful way to make an invitation.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
እወ፡ ስለዚ ምስ ‘Do you want to...?’ ተመሳሳሊ ቅዲ ኣለዎ። ስለዚ ግሲ ጥራይ ንውስኸሉ ማለት'ዩ።

Sian
Let's practise. Repeat after me:
Would you like to…?
Would you like to come for dinner?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Great – we have one more way to invite someone, don't we?

Sian
That's right! We can also use ‘Why don't you…?’

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
‘Why don't you...?’ ድማ ኣሉታዊ ዝኾነ ቅዲ ንምጥቃም የገልግል፤ ይኹን እምበር ኣወንታዊ ርእይቶ ወይ ዕድመ ንምግባር ንጥቀመሉ። ግን ዘይስሩዕ ኣበሃህላ'ዩ።

Sian
And after ‘Why don't you...?’ we just add the verb.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
‘Why don't you...?’ እውን ምዕዶ ንምሃብ ንጥቀመሉ። ስለዚ ሓደ ምሳኻ ገለ ክገብር ክትዕድሞ ከም እትደሊ ንምንጻር ንጥቀመሉ ግሲ ‘come’ እምበር ‘go’ ኣይኮነን። ከምኡ'ውን ‘with us’ ወይ ‘with me’ ምውሳኽ የድልየና። Let’s listen again.

Why don't you come to the beach with us?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ግርም እምበኣር፤ ብዝተፈላለ'ዩ መንገዲ ሰባት ክትዕድሙ ከምእትኽእሉ ተማሂርኩም ኣለኹም። ሕጂ ግዴኹም ፈትኑ።
ፈለማ፤ መሓዛኹም ጽባሕ ነጻ ምኻኑ ኣረጋግጹ። እንታይ ትሓቱ?

Sian
Are you free tomorrow?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Did you say the same? መሓዛኹም ነጻ እያ፤ ስለዚ ናብ መናፈሻ ዓድምዋ። ‘Want’ ዝብል ግሲ ተጠቐሙ ኣብ ኣደማምጻ ግን ተጠቀሙ።

Do you want to go to the park?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Well done. ንሳ ግን ናብ መናፈሻ ክትከይድ ኣይደለየትን ስለዚ ንገዛኹም ንምሳሕዓድምዋ። ዕድመኹም ብ ‘why’ ጀምርዎ።

Sian
Why don't you come for lunch?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Did you say the same?

Sian
Ok, so now you can invite your friends out. Would you like to practise this? Find a friend and ask them to do something with you!

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Good idea! ጽቡቅ ሓሳባት። ኣብ ዝመጽእ ጊዜ ካልእ ትሕዝቶ How do I ... ሒዝናልኩም ክንቀርብ ኢና፤ ክሳብ ሽዑ ሰላም ቀንዩ።

Sian
Bye!

 

Learn more!

1) ንገለ ሰባት ግዜ ደሓር ግዜ እንተ ኣለዎም ንምሕታት እንታይ እገብር?

ነዚ ከተዘውትር ትኽእል፥
'Are you free (+ time)?'

  • Are you free later?
  • Are you free this weekend?

2) ንሰባት ሓደ ነገር ንኺገብሩ ንምግባር እንታይ እተፈለለየ ኣገባባት ክጥቀም እኽእል

ከምዚ ክትብል ትኽእል

  • Do you want to (+ግሲ)?
  • Would you like to (+ግሲ)?
  • Why don't you (+ግሲ)?

3) ካብዞም 3 ኣየናይ እዩ እቲ ኣዚዩ ወግዓዊ ዝኾነ

'Would you like to' (+ግሲ) ካብቶም ካልኦት ዝያዳ ወግዓዊ ይኸውን።

4) እቲ 'Why don't you...?' ዚብል ሓረግ ምኽሪ ንምሃብ እውን ይዝውተር እዩ፡ ስለዚ ከመይ ጌርካ ነቲ ምሳኻ ኾይኑ ገለ ነገር ኪገብር እትደልዮ ሰብ  ትዕድሞ ከም ዘሎኻ ግሉጽ ትገብሮ?

ነቲ 'come' ዚብል ግሲ ከተዘውትሮ፡ ነቲ 'with me' ዚብል ወይ 'with us' ዚብል ድማ ኣብቲ መወዳእታ ክትውስኾ ትኽእል።

  • Why don’t you go to the party? (ምኽሪ)
  • Why don't you come to the cinema with us on Saturday? (ዕድመ)

ንሓደ ሰብ ከመይ ገይረ ሓደ ነገር ከም ዚገብር እገብሮ

3 Questions

Put the words in the correct order.
ነዞም ቃላት ብኣገባብ ስርዓዮም

እንኳን ደስ ያለዎ ሙከራውን አጠናቀዋል
Excellent! Great job! መጥፎ እድል ነጥብ አስመዝግበዋል :
x / y

Imagine we are visiting your town this weekend - invite us to do something and tell us on our Facebook group!
ቀዳመሰንበርን ንከተማኻ ክንበጽሕ ደሊና ንበል-- ገለ ክንገብር ንገረና! ኣብቲ ናይ ፈይስቡክና ኣካፍሉና!

Join us for our next episode of How do I…, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ኣብቲ ዚመጽእ ፈነዋና How do I…ተሓወሰና፡ ኣብኡ ድማ ብዙሕ ኣገደሲ ቋንቋ ክንመሃር ኢና፡ ንስኹም ድማ ነቲ ናይ ምስማዕ ጥበብኩም ከትለማመዱ ኢኹም።