Session 26

Going to restaurants can be a wonderful experience… until the bill arrives! In today’s episode we are talking about the cultural issues surrounding who pays the bill.

በዚህ ክፍል ያሉ ክፍለ ጊዜያት

ክፍለጊዜያት 26 ነጥብ።

0 / 3

  • 0 / 3
    Activity 1

Activity 1

How to split the bill

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words and phrases mean:

  • stingy
  • eat out

Quiz

Which of these three countries spend the most amount of money on eating out?

a) Japan
b) Spain
c) France

Listen to the discussion and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

ፅሁፍ አሳይ ፅሁፍ ደብቅ

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
ሰላም፡ እንቋዕ ብድሓን ናብ መደብ English Together መጻእኩም። ኣብዚ መደብ’ዚ ብዛዕባ እዋናዊ ኣርእስቲ ክንመያየጥ ኢና። ብእኡ ኣቢልና ድማ ብዛዕባኡ ንምዝራብ ዘኽእል ቋንቋ ከነስንቐኩም ኢና። ኣነ ተኽልማርያም በኪት’የ። ምሳናውን ስያንን ፊልን  ኣለዉ።

Sian
Hi, I’m Sian.

Tom
Hi, I’m Tom.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
Tom, are you O.K.?

Tom
Well, I’ve just had lunch with Sian.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
Oh nice! Where did you go?

Sian
We went for a Chinese, but Tom’s upset because of the bill. He’s being really stingy.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
‘Stingy’ በቃቕ ማለት’ዩ። Was the bill a lot?

Tom
You mean Sian’s bill. She ordered far more than me, and then insisted that we split the bill!

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
That sounds like a delicate situation! ናይ ሎሚ ፈተነ ሕቶ እምብኣር ምስ ኣብ ደገ ምብላዕ ዝተተሓሓዘ’ዩ።ብመሰረት ናይ Euromonitor International, ካብ እዘን ሰለስተ ዓድታት ኣየነይቲ’ያ ኣብ ደገ ወጺእካ ብምብላዕ ዝበዝሐ ገንዘብ እተጥፍእ?

a) ጃፓን

b) ስጳኛ

c) ፈረንሳይ

ድሓር ኣብ’ዚ መደብ መልሲ ክንነግረኩም ኢና።

Sian
I’d say France! They’re famous for their food. They must eat out a lot!

Tom
Well, maybe you should move there then, Sian. Why don’t you go to France? They probably won’t mind how much you order.

Sian
Oh, Tom, will you give it a rest!

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ኣብ’ዚ ቐረባ እዋን ናይ ቤት ብልዒ እንማቐሎ ክፍሊ ብዜና ተፈንዩ’ሎ። እስከ ናይ ሎሚ ዜና ካብ BBC Radio 4’s The Psychology of Money ንስማዕ። ብዛዕባ ኣከፋፍላናን  ኣመጋግባናን እንታይ ይብሉ።

Presenter
I think we need some expert advice here and professor Yuri Ganeesi is the man for the job.  

Guest
If I’m thinking about taking about another glass of wine that will cost, say $15 and there are five people in the party, then if I pay for it myself, I think 'Oh, it’s $15, is it worth it?' But if I know that it's going to be divided by five, then I say 'oh, my extra payment for this glass of wine is only $3, I might as well take it!' And this way, people end up consuming much more. The problem is, of course, that everyone is using this kind of thinking and, at the end, you end up with a much higher bill.

Tom
Hmm, interesting. Correct me if I’m wrong, but I think that what the professor’s saying is that the more people go out for a meal, the more food they order?

Sian
That’s right! People assume that if the bill is being divided, they will end up paying less.

Tom
I still think it’s bad form, though.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
‘Bad form’ በደል ኣንጻር ማሕበራዊ ስምምዕ ማለትዩ። Why do you think it’s bad form, Tom?

Tom
It’s bad form because you’re expecting people to pay for your own expensive choices! I think it’s just gluttony, plain and simple!

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
‘Gluttony’, ማለት ህርግፍና/ስስዐ ማለት’ዩ። I think gluttony might be too strong a word, Tom.

Sian
Yes, everybody makes mistakes! It doesn’t mean they’re gluttonous. Sometimes people might just round down the prices, or forget their side dishes.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
Round down’ ዋጋ ምጽግጋዕ ማለት’ዩ። Perhaps they should try rounding their prices up, instead?

Tom
Exactly! So how do people share the bill where you are?

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
ኣብ ባህልና’ኸ? ሰባት ናይ ዝበልዕዎ መግቢ ሕሳብ ብኸመይ ይማቐልዎ።

Sian
And whilst we’re talking about eating habits in different countries, why don’t you tell us the answer to today’s quiz?

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
Ah yes! ኣቐዲምና ኣየነይቲ ዓዲ’ያ ኣብ ደገ ብምብላዕ ዝበዝሐ ገንዘብ ተጥፍእ ብምባል ሓቲትናኩም ኔርና። መልሲ ሓ) ስጳኛ ኮይና፡ ህዝባ ኣብ ዓመት ክሳብ 2184 ዶላር ንመግቢ የጥፍኡ።

Sian
You see, Tom! I bet the Spanish don’t have scruples about ordering!

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
‘Scruples’ ስክፍታታት ማለት’።

Tom
Well, they probably split the bill fairly, Sian! You weren’t very scrupulous about ordering earlier, were you?

Sian
Honestly! I can’t believe this. I just like to splash out on a meal sometimes!

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
‘Splash out’ ዘረውቲ ማለት’ዩ። O.K. I have an idea, why don’t we all go out after recording and really splash out?!

Tom
Great! And this time, if I’m only paying a fraction of the bill, I’ll order everything on the menu, just like Sian did at lunchtime.

Sian
It was delicious!

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
ቶም ምስ ገንዘቡ ዝመጣጠን ዝረክብዩ ዝመስል ዘሎ።ንስኻትኩም’ከ? ወጺእኩም ክትበልዑ እንለኹም ‘stingy’ በቃቓት ዲኹም ወይስ ‘splash out’ ዘረውቲ? ከምኡ’ውን ‘gluttony’ ህርግፍና/ስስዐ ከምኡ’ውን ‘bad form’ በደል ኣንጻር ማሕበራዊ ስምምዕ ዝብሉን ርኢና። Thanks for joining us and see you next time for more English Together! Bye! 

Meaning & Use

stingy (adjective)

Stingy is an adjective which describes someone who does not like spending money, and is not generous. 
He is really stingy so he never buys anyone a present.
Let's buy that car - don't be so stingy!

bad form (noun)

Bad form refers to an action that is socially unacceptable.
In some countries, it is bad form not to give a tip in a restaurant.
In Britain, it is bad form to visit someone without telling them first.

gluttony (noun)

Gluttony refers to excessive greed relating to food and drink.
You shouldn't have eaten all that - it's just gluttony!
That meal was just pure gluttony - I've never eaten so much!

scruples (noun)

If someone has scruples, it means that they are honest. 
I would hand in any money I found in the street - I still have my scruples!

splash out (verb)

If you splash out on something, you spend a large amount of money, usually on something you like.
I'm going to splash out on a holiday this summer.
splashed out on a new dress for the wedding.

How to split the bill

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.

ቅኑዕ መልሲ ምረጹ።

እንኳን ደስ ያለዎ ሙከራውን አጠናቀዋል
Excellent! Great job! መጥፎ እድል ነጥብ አስመዝግበዋል :
x / y

Over to you!

Do you think it's fair to split the bill? Are you stingy, or do you like to splash out? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ኣብ ዝቕጽል English Together ኣገደስቲ ናይ አንግሊዘኛ ዝርርብን ናይ ምስማዕ ብቕዓትኩምን እትለማመዱሉ መደብ ሒዝናልኩም ክንቀርብ ኢና።

Session Vocabulary

  • stingy
    በቃቕ

    eat out 
    ኣብ ደባም ምምጋብ

    bad form
    በደል ኣንጻር ማሕበራዊ ስምምዕ

    gluttony
    ህርጉምና

    round up
    ምእካብ

    round down 
    ዋጋ ምጽግጋዕ

    scruple
    ስክፍታ

    splash out
    ዘረውቲ