Session 4

Can we control pain? In today’s episode we will be discussing whether it’s possible to control physical pain.
ህመምን መቆጣጠር እንችላለን? በዛሬው ክፍለ ጊዜ አካላዊ ህመምን መቆጣጠር ይቻላል አይቻልም ስለሚለው እንወያያለን።

በዚህ ክፍል ያሉ ክፍለ ጊዜያት

ክፍለጊዜያት 4 ነጥብ።

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Can we control pain?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what this word means:

  • ankle


Which do you think is the most painful bone to break?

  • your leg?
  • your neck?
  • your back?

Listen to the discussion on the topic of controlling pain and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

ፅሁፍ አሳይ ፅሁፍ ደብቅ

ሰላም፥ ስለ ወቅታዊ ጉዳይ ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የ English Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ሐና እባላለሁ። አብሮኝ/አብራኝ …… አለ/አለች።

Hi, I’m Sam.

And I’m Tom. Welcome to the programme!

በዛሬው ዝግጅታችን አዕምሯችን አካላዊ ህመምን እንዴት እንደሚቆጣጠርና ሊቋቋም እንደሚችል አዳዲስ ምርምሮችን ዋቢ በማድረግ እንነጋገራለን።
ዜናውን ከማዳመጣችን በፊት የዛሬው ጥያቄ ይሄው፤ በየትኛው አጥንትዎ ላይ ጉዳት ቢደርስ ከፍተኛ ህመም የሚሰማዎት ይመስሎታል?

ሀ) የእግርዎ

ለ) የአንገትዎ

ሐ) የጀርባዎ

መስማትዎን ይቀጥሉ፤ መልሱን ቆየት ብለን በዝግጅታችን መኃል እንናገራለን።

Mmm, I’m going to guess the neck. That sounds really painful!

More painful than your back? I’m not sure about that!

እሽ አድማጮቻችን let’s listen the BBC Radio 4 news story ቀድም ሲል ስላነሳነው አዲስ ምርምር የሚያወራውን ዜና እንስማ።

News insert
Can we control the pain we feel?  New research has shown how brain imaging is being used to help us understand pain, and also pain relief.  The study included following a group of very young children taught to cope with pain in a karate class through a series of breathing exercises. The exercises helped the brain change the messages sent from the hurt part of the body so that the messages were either reduced or completely stopped.  With fewer signals sent to the brain, the result was less pain.

Do you think it might be possible for us to control our physical pain, Tom? Wouldn’t it be incredible if we could?

Yeah, incredible is the right word. We’re not superheroes, you know. People can’t just control pain. 

But in the story it talked about how children are learning to cope with pain during martial arts classes, like karate. 'Cope' means to control, doesn’t it?

Something similar. ‘Cope with’ አስቸጋሪ ሁኔታን በብቃት መወጣት ማለት ነው። Like we do with Tom. Ha ha!

Aw! Don’t worry, Tom. You’re not that difficult to cope with, really. 

Very funny.

No, but seriously. The story talks about how pictures of the brain are helping us understand pain and pain relief. I think that’s so cool.

‘Pain relief’ ህመም ማስታገሻ ማለት ነው። But that’s what painkillers are for, surely?  

Exactly! What else is there to understand about pain relief? You take a pill and the pain hopefully goes away. I don’t need any pictures of the brain to help me understand that. 

Ok, but what if there was an alternative to taking a pill? They say that too many painkillers are bad for your stomach, and they will eventually stop working.  

Well, then you just take more tablets. I used to play football and I got injured all the time and I had to take painkillers, I couldn’t just push through. 

አዎ ‘push through’ ህመሙን ችሎ መቀጠል ማለት ነው። You played football, Tom?

Yes, thank you. I broke my ankle once, and it was far too painful to push through without any help. 

Yeah, I remember that. Those were a fun few weeks…

ስለአጥንት መሰበር ካወራን አይቀር ቀደም ሲል ያነሳነውን ጥያቄ እንመልከት። ቢሰብሩት ከሁሉም በበለጥ እጅግ ከፍተኛ ህመምን የሚፈጥረው አጥንት ነው የሚባለው የትኛው ነው? መልሱ (ሐ) የጀርባ ወይንም የሰረሰር አጥንት ነው።

Oh, my neighbour broke his back once, and he actually said that natural remedies really helped him.

‘Remedies’ ፈውሶች ወይንም መድኃኒቶች ማለት ነው። Really? Did natural remedies really help with back pain?

Yeah, don’t tell me natural remedies helped! Next you’re going to say that breathing helps with pain!

Actually, I am! That’s what they taught those children in their martial arts class - breathing exercises to help with pain!

How much pain can children really experience in an exercise class, anyway? 

Do children even know what real pain is?

Of course they do, guys! And research shows that breathing can really help.

Yeah, and so does magic…

ሃ. ሃ. ሁለታችሁ ተንፍሱ ‘Natural remedies’ ንስ ተጠቅማችሁ ትውቃላችሁ?

እሰኪ የዚህ ሳምንት ዝግጅታችንን አጠናቅቀን ከመሰናበታችን በፊት፥ ዛሬ ስንነጋገርባቸው የነበሩትን  ቃላት እንመልከት፤ ሁሉም ከአካላዊ ስቃይ ጋር የተገናኙ ናቸው። ‘to cope with’ መቋቋም ማለት ሲሆን ‘pain relief’ ደግሞ እንደኪኒን ያለ የህመም ማስታገሻ ነው። ‘to push through’ ህመምን መቻል እና መቀጠል ሲሆን ‘a remedy’ ፈውስ ነው።

አብረውን ስለቆዩ እናመሰግናለን፤ ለተጨማሪ የ English Together ዝግጅት በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት ይጠብቁን።

Meaning and use

to cope with (verb)

To cope with something bad means to be able to deal with it successfully.

I don’t think I can cope with driving in the city centre – it’s too busy.
I’ve got a lot of work, but it’s OK, I think I can cope with it.


pain relief (noun)

Pain relief is medication that you take to stop something hurting.

I had to take pain relief after my operation because my leg was hurting so much.
You can get pain relief medication at a pharmacy.


to push through (phrasal verb)

To successfully get past an obstacle or difficult situation.

The weather was terrible, but we pushed through it to get home.
There’s a lot of work to do, so let’s just push through it and finish it.


a remedy (noun)

A remedy is something that solves a problem. We often use this word to talk about medicine.

I’ve got the perfect remedy for your problem.
Drinking honey and lemon is a well-known remedy for a cold.

Can we control pain?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.

ትክክለኛውን መልስ ምረጡ

እንኳን ደስ ያለዎ ሙከራውን አጠናቀዋል
Excellent! Great job! መጥፎ እድል ነጥብ አስመዝግበዋል :
x / y

Over to you!

So, what about you? Do you like to use 'pain relief' or do you prefer to 'push through' when you're in pain? Are there any 'remedies' you like to use when you're ill?  Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ይበልጥ ጠቃሚ የሆኑ አገላለፆችን የምንማርበትና የመስማት ክህሎትን የምናዳብርበትን የእንግሊዘኛን አብረን ክፍለ ጊዜ ይከታተሉ።

Session Vocabulary

  • to cope with

    pain relief
    ህመም ማስታገሻ

    to push through
    ችሎ ለማለፍ

    a remedy


    ማስታገሻ መድሃኒት