Session 37

The Fourth Industrial Revolution
አራተኛው የኢንዱስትሪ አብዮት

In today’s episode we will be discussing how technology continues to change the way we live our lives.
በዛሬው መሰናዷችን ቴክኖሎጅ ህይወታችንን የምንመራበትን መንገድ መቀየሩን እንዴት እንደቀጠለ እናያለን

በዚህ ክፍል ያሉ ክፍለ ጊዜያት

ክፍለጊዜያት 37 ነጥብ።

0 / 4

  • 0 / 4
    Activity 1

Activity 1

The Fourth Industrial Revolution

In today’s episode we will be discussing how technology continues to change the way we live our lives.
በዛሬው መሰናዷችን ቴክኖሎጅ ህይወታችንን የምንመራበትን መንገድ መቀየሩን እንዴት እንደቀጠለ እናያለን

Quiz

In which country did the first Industrial Revolution begin?

1. The USA
2. Great Britain
3. France

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

ፅሁፍ አሳይ ፅሁፍ ደብቅ

ምህረተስላሴ
ሰላም! የተለያዩ ርእሰ ጉዳዮችን እያነሳን፣ እንዴት በእንግሊዘኛ እንደሚገለጹ ወደምንማርበት የ English Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ምህረተስላሴ እባላለሁ። አብረውኝ ደግሞ. . .

Sam
Hi, I'm Sam.

Tom
And I'm Tom. Hello everybody! Welcome to today's programme.

Sam
So, I heard a new term on the news today: the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Either of you know what that is?

Tom
I think that it has something to do with the internet and other technological breakthroughs.

ምህረተስላሴ
Yes, Tom የሚያወራው ስለቴክኖሎጂ እመርታ 'technological breakthroughs' ነው፤ በዚህ ውስጥ የሚካተቱት አርቴፊሻል ኢንተለጀንስ በጭሩ 'AI' የሚባለው፣ ባለ ሶስት አውታር ህትመት '3D printing' እና ያለ አሽከርካሪ የሚንቀሰቀሱ 'self-driving cars' ናቸው።

ሌሎች ዓይነት እመርታዎችም አሉ፤ ለምሳሌ 'a scientific breakthrough' ሳይንሳዊ እመርታ ወይንም 'a medical breakthrough' የህክምናዊ እመርታ ይጠቀሳሉ።

Sam
Oh, so it's about technological breakthroughs that will change the way we live our lives, basically.

Tom
Yes! I vaguely remember learning about the first Industrial Revolution when I was at school.

ምህረተስላሴ
And that's actually what today’s quiz question is about. የ1700 የመጀመሪያው የኢንዱስትሪ አብዮት የእጅ ምርት ወደ ፋብሪካ የተሸጋገረበት ነበር። አብዮቱ የተጀመረው የት ነው?

ሀ) በአሜሪካ

ለ) በእንግሊዝ

ሐ) በፈረንሳይ

የታሪክ ማህደር ያጣቀሰ ምላሽ ወደኋላ ላይ እንሰጥዎታለን?

Sam
Interesting that the first Industrial Revolution started in one place, because it sounds like the Fourth Industrial Revolution is happening everywhere!

ምህረተስላሴ
Yes! እንዲያውም አንድ የቴክኖሎጂ ሙያተኛ በቢቢሲ ዓለም አቀፍ አገልግሎት ላይ ስለ አራተኛው የኢንዱስትሪ አብዮት ሲያወሩ እናዳምጥ።

News Insert
A very important feature of, uhm, the Fourth Industrial Revolution is connectivity or connectedness, as you put it, eh. So anybody with a smartphone that basically allows them to be, uhm, online is really part of it. So we've seen recently, for example, what happens with social media, there's lots of data around every interaction that you're making on social media that’s being collected and is being used to create a profile on you... so, really, whether we know it or not, very many of us are participating quite actively in the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

Sam
Wow, so if anyone with a smartphone is part of the revolution, this really is a global phenomenon.

ምህረተስላሴ
'A global phenomenon' ዓለም አቀፍ ክስተት ማለት ነው። Anyone with a smartphone or anyone with internet access!

Tom
And a social media account! They're all connected – I think one global phenomenon is helping the development of another.

Sam
It's a little scary, though, isn't it? There is one new wave of technological breakthroughs after another at the moment, but do we really know what consequences they're having?

ምህረተስላሴ
'A new wave of something' አንዳች አዲስ ነገር ማለት ነው። ይህንን ሐረግ የምንጠቀመው ስለአዲስ እንቅስቃሴ ወይም ንቅናቄ ለመግለፅ ነው። Like social media!

Tom
Yeah, I know what you mean, Sam. I think it takes a long time for consequences to become clear when there's a new wave of technological products coming into the world. But, generally, I think the consequences are positive.

Sam
I don't know! Five years ago, I didn't have a smartphone. Now I can't imagine life without it.

Tom
Yeah, exactly! So these new products are shaping the way we live our lives, usually for the better!

ምህረተስላሴ
'To shape the way we do something' ነገሮችን የምንተገብርበትን መንገድ ለመቅረጽ ማለት ነው።

ጥያቄው፤ የመጀመሪያው የኢንዱስትሪ አብዮት የት ተጀመረ ነበር የሚለው

ሀ) በአሜሪካ

ለ) በእንግሊዝ

ሐ) በፈረንሳይ

መልሱ ለ) በእንግሊዝ ነው።

Sam
So, the summary of today's programme is that technology is shaping the way we live our lives and we have no power to stop it.

Tom
But you do have some power, Sam, don't you? Do you want to stop it? I mean, you could stop using your smartphone, and social media, and the internet…

Sam
Ah, no, thank you!

ምህረተስላሴ
የዛሬውን መሰናዷችንን አጠናቀቅን። ከመሰነባበታችን በፊት ዛሬ የተወያየንባቸውን ቃላት እንከልስ። 'a technological breakthrough' የቴክኖሎጂ እመርታ ማለት ነው ነው። 'a global phenomenon' ዓለም አቀፍ ክስተት ማለት ነው። 'a new wave of something' አንዳች አዲስ ነገር ማለት ነው። 'to shape the way we do something' ነገሮችን የምንተገብርበትን መንገድ ለመቅረጽ ማለት  ነው።

አብራችሁን ስለነበራችሁ እናመሰግናለን። ለተጨማሪ የኢንግሊሽ ቱጌዘር ዝግጅት በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት ይጠብቁን።

Language

breakthrough

Breakthrough describes something which helps to solve a long-standing problem. It is a noun. A breakthrough is often a new invention or a discovery.

The new drugs are a breakthrough in the fight against cancer.
The court case was making slow progress until we had a breakthrough with some new evidence!

Similarly, we can use ‘break through’ as a phrasal verb. This is often used in the context of solving problems or overcoming difficulties. 

The other football team had a strong defence but we broke through in the end!

self-

We use self- as a prefix to refer to something’s own characteristics and abilities. It is mostly used with nouns and adjectives.

Often, self- can imply that someone or something is capable of acting independently or without support.

I just bought a self-cleaning barbeque! My hands are going to stay clean!
The instructions are self-explanatory. You won’t need any help if you follow them.

new wave

New wave refers to a new group which is different to what has come before it. This could be people, things or ideas.

The new wave of mobile phones are amazing! They have so many new features!

We can also say ‘first wave’, ‘second wave’ and so on to refer to other groups that existed in the past.

The first wave of radios were very basic. Now, we have a new wave of digital radios!

Check what you’ve learned by selecting the correct answer for the question.
ለጥያቄው ትክክለኛውን መልስ በመምረጥ ምን ያህል እንደተማሩ ይፈትሹ።

The Fourth Industrial Revolution

4 Questions

Put the words in the correct order.
ቃላቱን በትክክለኛ ቅድመ ተከተላቸው ያስቀምጡ

እንኳን ደስ ያለዎ ሙከራውን አጠናቀዋል
Excellent! Great job! መጥፎ እድል ነጥብ አስመዝግበዋል :
x / y

What do you think is the most important breakthrough in your country in the last 50 years? Tell us in our Facebook group!

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለጾችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ ኢንግሊሽ ቱጌዘር ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።



Session Vocabulary

  • a (technological) breakthrough
    የቴክኖሎጅ እመርታ

    a global phenomenon
    ዓለም አቀፋዊ ክስተት

    a new wave of (something)
    አንዳች አዲስ ነገር

    to shape the way we do something
    ነገሮችን የምንከውንበትን መንገድ ለመቅረጽ

    AI (artificial intelligence)
    አርቴፊሻል ኢንተለጀንስ (ኤአይ)

    3D printing
    ባለሶስት አውትር ህትመት

    a self-driving car
    ራሱን የሚነዳ መኪና

    connectivity or connectedness
    ትስስር ወይም መያያዝ

    to create a profile
    ምስለ ገፅ መስራት