Session 4

Should we pay kids to do homework?
In today’s episode we will be discussing whether children should be paid to do their maths homework.

શું બાળકોને હોમવર્ક માટે પૈસા આપવું જોઈએ?
આપણે ચર્ચા કરીશું કે બાળકોને ગણિતનું હોમવર્ક કરવા બદલ પૈસા મળવા જોઈએ કે નહીં.

በዚህ ክፍል ያሉ ክፍለ ጊዜያት

ክፍለጊዜያት 4 ነጥብ።

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Should we pay kids to do homework?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:
• homework
• responsibility
• financial inducement

Quiz

According to the OECD how much homework do British 15-year olds do every week?

a) nearly 10 hours
b) nearly 5 hours
c) nearly 15 hours
Listen to the discussion and find out the answer.

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

ፅሁፍ አሳይ ፅሁፍ ደብቅ

પ્રેઝન્ટર
હેલ્લો એન્ડ વેલકમ. English Togetherમાં આપનું સ્વાગત છે...હું છું રીષી...અને આજે મારી સાથે છે...

Phil
Hi, I’m Phil

Tom
And I’m Tom, hi everybody, welcome to today's episode.

પ્રેઝન્ટર
મિત્રો, આજે વાત કરીશું બાળકો અને હોમવર્ક વિશે. OECD દ્વારા કરવામાં આવેલા સર્વે મુજબ 15 વર્ષનો બ્રિટીશ બાળક અઠવાડીયામાં સરેરાશ કેટલા કલાક હોમવર્ક કરે છે?

અ) અંદાજીત 10 કલાક
બ) અંદાજીત 5 કલાક
ક) અંદાજીત 15 કલાક
પ્રશ્ન અંગે તમારું શું માનવું છે ફિલ?

Phil
I don’t know what the answer is, but I think 15 hours a week sounds about right. 3 hours a night is quite a long time, but I think it's fair – children should be studying, it's important.

Tom
Well, I'm not going to say it isn't important – but surely they need to have time to play as well – life isn't just about work. I think about an hour a night is more than enough – so I'd say, for the quiz, nearly 5 hours.

Phil
Play is fine – but let's be honest, if you haven't got a good understanding of language, maths and science, then you're not going to be that successful as an adult.

પ્રેઝન્ટર
હવે તમે BBC World Service દ્વારા World Update કાર્યક્રમ માટે કરવામાં આવેલા ન્યૂઝ સાંભળો, જેમાં એક એપ્પ વિશે વાત કરવામાં આવી છે. આ એપ્પ બાળકોને ગણિતનું હોમવર્ક કરવા બદલ પૈસા ચૂકવે છે.

News presenter
8 years ago Mohamad Jebara designed an online maths programme for children, mildly successful, but six months ago he added another dimension - children would be paid real money if they completed their maths exercises and according to Mr Jebara, their performance skyrocketed.

…So we've been testing this with a pilot group over the last six months, we have seen that 75% of them are completing their three exercises in a week, which is about an hour's worth of work in the week..

પ્રેઝન્ટર
ન્યૂઝથી તમે બન્ને સહમત છો?

Phil
Oh come on, that's ridiculous – people should take studying seriously, not just do it for the money.

Tom
I thought you want them to stop doing frivolous things like playing, no?

પ્રેઝન્ટર
‘Frivolous’ એટલે રમતીલું. બીજો અર્થ થાય છે છોકરવાદ. ભારતમાં બાળકો વિવિધ ફ્રિવલસ કામ કરે છે જેમ કે સતત મોબાઈલમાં ગેમ રમવું.

Phil
Yeah, but I want them to be driven by the importance of learning… I don't think this does that.

પ્રેઝન્ટર
‘Driven’ એટલે પ્રેરાવવું અને ‘driven’ એ ભણતરમાં અગત્યનું પાસું છે.

Tom
So, you don't think that cold, hard, cash is a driver for people to learn?

Phil
No, that's not a real ‘driver’ – it's just financial inducement – we should be better than that

પ્રેઝન્ટર
‘Financial inducement’ નો ગુજરાતીમાં અર્થ થાય છે નાણાંકીય પ્રલોભન. But isn't that just how everything works?

Tom
Well, yeah that’s what I was going to say… Inducing people to do something with money isn’t always bad – isn’t that why we get paid for working in the first place? I think there's something good about showing people that there's an upshot to the choices that they make.

પ્રેઝન્ટર
‘Upshot’ એટલે નિષ્કર્ષ. Don’t you think children should learn that every action has an upshot?

Phil
Well, yes but – shouldn’t the upshots be about learning. Why does everything have to be about money?

Tom
It's teaching people responsibility – and if it means they learn maths at the same time –great! If you think homework is a good thing you should be happy about this Phil.

પ્રેઝન્ટર
જ્યારે હોમવર્કની વાત નિકળી છે તો હું તમને આજના પ્રશ્નનો જવાબ જણાવું. પ્રશ્ન હતો કે OECD દ્વારા કરવામાં આવેલા સર્વે મુજબ 15 વર્ષનો બ્રિટીશ બાળક અઠવાડીયામાં સરેરાશ કેટલા કલાક હોમવર્ક કરે છે? મિત્રો, સર્વે મુજબ બાળકો 4.9 કલાક હોમવર્ક કરવા પાછળ ખર્ચ કરે છે. વિકલ્પ બ) અંદાજીત 5 કલાક એ સાચો જવાબ છે.

Tom
Yes, I got the answer right and that sounds sensible – time to study, and time to have a life as well.

Phil
Hmm… doesn’t seem enough to me… maybe they do need the financial inducements.

Tom
I thought you said that motivation should come from somewhere else?

Phil
Maybe you convinced me….

Tom
Now, there's a first!

પ્રેઝન્ટર
મિત્રો, આજે જે કઈ પણ શીખ્યા એનું પુનરાવર્તન કરી લઈએ. ‘Frivolous’ એટલે રમતીલું. બીજો અર્થ થાય છે છોકરવાદ જ્યારે ‘financial inducement’ ને ગુજરાતીમાં કહીશું નાણાંકીય પ્રલોભન. ‘Driven’ એટલે પ્રેરાવવું અને ‘upshot’ એટલે નિષ્કર્ષ. Thanks for listening and see you next week for more English Together! Bye!

Meaning and use

Frivolous (adjective)
Something that is frivolous is not serious or unimportant.
Where to sit is such a frivolous thing to argue about.
I get really annoyed when people describe my job as frivolous.
I think playing videogames is a frivolous way to spend time.

Driven (adjective)
Someone who is driven has a strong desire to achieve something.
She was so driven to get fit that she went to the gym every day.
He was very driven and worked hard every day.
You need to be driven in you want to succeed.

Financial inducement (noun)
A financial inducement is a sum of money intended to convince someone to do something.
Her job offered her enough of a financial inducement to move cities.
The low tax rate was a financial inducement for companies to move there.
She thought that her bonus was a good financial inducement to work hard.

Upshot (noun)
The upshot of something is the consequence or result.
The upshot of the discussion was that we decided to do things differently.
The company introduced a dress code. The upshot of that was that many people left their jobs.
The had a massive argument yesterday. The upshot of that is they won't talk to each other.


Check what you’ve learned by selecting the correct option for the question.
તમે કેટલું શીખ્યાં? જાણો, સવાલોનો જવાબ આપીને.

Should we pay kids to do homework?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
નીચેના સવાલોનો સાચો જવાબ આપો.

እንኳን ደስ ያለዎ ሙከራውን አጠናቀዋል
Excellent! Great job! መጥፎ እድል ነጥብ አስመዝግበዋል :
x / y

Join us for our next episode of English Together, when we will discuss another topic to learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
આવાં જ બીજા રસપ્રદ ટૉપિક્ સાથે ફરીથી મળીશું ઇંગ્લિશ ટૂગેધરમાં, જ્યાં શીખશો સંવાદ માટે જરૂરી ભાષા.

Session Vocabulary

  • homework
    હોમવર્ક
    performance
    કામગીરી
    importance
    અગત્યનું
    responsibility
    જવાબદારી
    frivolous
    રમતીલું, છોકરવાદ
    driven
    પ્રેરાવવું
    financial inducement
    નાણાંકીય પ્રલોભન
    repercussion
    કૃત્ય કે ઘટનાની પ્રતિક્રિયા અથવા તેનો પ્રત્યાઘાત