Neville Chamberlain became Prime Minister in May 1937.
He is synonymous with the policy of 'appeasement' - of trying to avoid large scale warfare in Europe by seeking a diplomatic solution with Germany.
He met with Adolf Hitler three times in 1938, famously returning with a signed undertaking from the Nazi leader which Chamberlain thought would offer 'peace in our time'.
However, Hitler went back on his word and Germany invaded Poland on 1 September 1939. It was then Chamberlain's solemn duty two days later to announce to the nation that it was
at war with Germany.
I am speaking to you from the Cabinet Room of 10 Downing Street. This morning the British Ambassador in Berlin handed the German government a final note, stating that unless we heard from them - by 11 o'clock - that they were prepared at once to withdraw their troops from Poland, a state of war would exist between us. I have to tell you now that no such undertaking has been received and that, consequently, this country is at war with Germany.
A collection of programmes to download as mp3 files at any time. Includes dance and music.
See all School Radio and other Learning podcasts available from the BBC Podcast Directory.
Enjoy our new collection of Beatrix Potter's well-known tales retold by an all-star cast for a young audience.
Get to grips with life’s big questions with our new series ‘Just Think…’
We welcome your feedback, suggestions and pupils' work.
Commemorate the outbreak of WW1 by staging our specially-written play 'Archie Dobson's War'.
All 13 episodes of Michael Morpurgo's moving WW1 story are available to listen to online.
Notes to support the programmes. For Autumn 2014 onwards Notes are on individual series pages.