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Dr David Livingstone: 'The Smoke that Thunders'

'The Smoke that Thunders' - Livingstone's discovery of Victoria Falls

Dr David Livingstone first went to Africa as a missionary in 1840, aged 27. Fifteen years later he recalls the occasion when he and his team set out to explore one of Africa's biggest rivers, the Zambezi.

They have pitched camp for the night and Livingstone tells Mothusi, his helper, about the time he was attacked by a lion and the permanent injury he sustained.

Mothusi remarks that the doctor will need all his strength to canoe along the river to the waterfall known as Mosi-oa Tunya, or The Smoke that Thunders in the morning.

When they catch sight of the falls the following day Livingstone is amazed by their magnificence, but Mothusi points out that they can't get any closer because the currents are too dangerous. The doctor does not want to put his team's lives in danger, but he's determined to reach the Falls, so decides to continue alone. As the first European to witness the sight, he feels compelled to his Queen and country to describe it in detail in his journals and tell the world of Victoria's Falls.

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