Teaching Italian - Language notes - Il, lo, l', la, i, gli, le


il, lo, l', la, i, gli, le are all words for "the".

In the singular...

il is used with masculine words beginning with most consonants:

il sole
the sun
il centro
the centre

lo with masculine words beginning with z or s + consonant:

lo zucchero
the sugar
lo sport
the sport

l' with masculine and feminine words beginning with a vowel

l'ufficio turistico
the tourist office
l'acqua
the water

la with feminine words beginning with a consonant

la figlia
daughter
la spiaggia
beach

In the plural (ie more than one)...

i is used with masculine words beginning with most consonants:

i negozi
the shops
i vini
the wines

gli with masculine words beginning with a vowel or with z or s + consonant:

gli uffici
the offices
gli alberghi
the hotels

le with all feminine words

le vetrine
the shop windows
le aranciate
the orange drinks

see also...
masculine - feminine
al, dal, del, nel, sul

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