Les enfants, les animaux

How to talk about others


Elle a six ans.
Elle a de beaux yeux bleus.
Il est très timide.


To talk about another person, animal or thing, use il and elle. Plural (they) is ils and elles. Use elles when talking about a group of women or girls only. For a mixed group, even if there is only one man, use ils.


The il/elle form of verbs in the present tense.


Verbs like aimer and jouer ends in -e: il aime, elle joue.


Verbs like finir ends in -it : il/elle finit


Verbs like vendre ends in -d : il/elle vend.


The ils/elles ending is almost always -ent: elles aiment, ils finissent, ils vendent.


Some common verbs are irregular: il/elle est, ils/elles sont (from être, to be), il/elle a, ils/elles ont (from avoir, to have).


Adjectives, or describing words, have four forms - masculine and feminine singular and masculine and feminine plural:


il est grand, elle est grande, ils sont grands, elles sont grandes.


The extra 'e' in the feminine forms means the preceding consonant is pronounced, whereas it's silent in the masculine forms.

Ce chat est très gentil.
This cat is very nice.
Mon animal préféré...
My favourite animal ...
Ma tante préférée ...
My favourite aunt ...
Les baleines sont belles.
Whales are beautiful.

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