La chambre d'hôte

How to say what you've done and how it's been


Avez-vous bien dormi ?
On a beaucoup aimé le calme.


The French way of talking about what you have done, or what has happened, follows a similar pattern to English. You start with j'ai, on a, nous avons etc (I have, we have etc) and follow this with a word like aimé, vu, fait, dormi (loved, seen, done, slept) .This part of the verb called the past participle.


Most past participles end in , -i or -u. Regular -er verbs like aimer give aimé, -ir verbs like finir give fini while -re verbs like rendre give rendu.


But there are plenty of irregular past participles:


vu from voir, fait from faire, pu from pouvoir, été from être, eu from avoir


The French term for this is le passé composé; in English it's the perfect tense, perfect in the sense of 'complete' because it describes a finished action. The English translation includes words like 'have , 'did' or the ending '..ed'.


J'ai visité Cassis: I have visited Cassis, I visited Cassis, I did visit Cassis.

J'ai bien aimé Cassis.
I really liked Cassis.
Vous avez vu ces trois petits villages.
You saw those three little villages.

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