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2 August 2014
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Turkish, Türkçe

Related languages Turkish is not an Indo-European language, but a Turkic language, like the Mongolian languages of central Asia.
European speakers Approx. 71 million speakers
Territories Turkish is the official language in Turkey and Northern Cyprus. Home speakers live in Bulgaria, Romania, Greece and Serbia.
Alphabet From the country's conversion to Islam until the early 20th century, Turkish was written using the Arabic script. Since 1928 it has been written with the Roman alphabet, with the addition of .
First examples There are several 'earliest examples' of Turkish, because it has changed script at various times, from runic to Arabic to Roman. Some Rune examples include 8th century memorial inscriptions.
Other facts The switch from Arabic to Roman script was meant to make reading and writing simpler, and was part of a move towards universal literacy promoted by the leader Atatürk and his 'dil devrimi' (language revolution).
News in Turkish BBC World Service in Turkish.

Key Phrases
Evet.
Yes.

No.

Welcome!
Tanıştığımıza memnun oldum.
Pleased to meet you.
Merhaba.
Hello.

Goodbye.

Thank you.

My name is ...

Do you speak English?

I'm sorry, I don't speak Turkish.

I need help.
Tuvalet nerede acaba?
Where is the toilet, please?

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