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14 October 2014
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Portuguese, Português

Related languages One of the Romance languages, Portuguese is most closely related to the other Ibero-Romance languages: Spanish, Galician and Catalan.
European speakers The 10-million population of Portugal speak Portuguese as their official language.
Territories Portuguese is spoken in Europe in continental Portugal, the Islands of Madeira and the Azores and by large communities in the UK, France and Germany. It is one of the official languages of the European Union. It is also spoken in former colonial territories: Brazil, Angola, Mozambique, Guinea Bissau, Cape Verde and East Timor amongst others.
Alphabet Portuguese is based on the Latin alphabet, though the letters 'k', 'w' and 'y' are only used in foreign or archaic words. It uses ç and acute, grave and circumflex accents over vowels. Most distinctively, it uses the tilde over ã õ to indicate a nasal pronunciation of these vowels.
First examples The first full text in Portuguese is a 13th century lawyer's record of a legal complaint, and King Alfonso II's 1214 will.
Other facts The main varieties of continental Portuguese are either side of a linguistic border that crosses Portugal from the northeast to the southeast. Some Portuguese regions also have their own peculiarities. Brazilian is the overseas dialect that presents the most differences.
News in Portuguese BBC World Service in Portuguese for Africa and for Brazil.
Would you like to learn how to Talk Portuguese?

Key Phrases
Muito prazer em conhecer.
Pleased to meet you.
Obrigado, obrigada.
Thank you.
O meu nome é ...
My name is ...
Fala inglês?
Do you speak English?
Desculpe, não falo português.
I'm sorry, I don't speak Portuguese.
Preciso de ajuda.
I need help.
Onde é o lavabo, faz favor?
Where is the toilet, please?

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