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14 October 2014
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Polish, Polski

Related languages Polish is one of the western Slavonic languages, most closely related to Czech, Slovak and Sorbian.
European speakers 44,000,000 speakers
Territories Polish is the official language in Poland. Home speakers live in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Germany, Latvia, Russia, Hungary, the UK and France.
Alphabet Polish has always used the Latin alphabet, and also includes the letters see . . It excludes the letters 'q', 'v' and 'x', except in foreign words.
First examples The earliest examples of Polish are place names in 9th and 10th century Latin documents.
Other facts Polish has a system of grammatical gender that can baffle a non-native speaker. In the singular, there are masculine, feminine and neuter genders. Then, in the accusative case, the masculine is further divided into animate and inanimate. Then in the plural, the distinction is between masculine personal (any group that includes at least one male) or unmarked gender.
News in Polish BBC World Service in Polish.

Key Phrases
Tak.
Yes.
Nie.
No.
Witamy!
Welcome!

Pleased to meet you.

Hello.
Do widzenia.
Goodbye.

Thank you.

My name is ...
Czy pan (pani) mówi po angielsku?
Do you speak English? Addressing a man (a woman).

I'm sorry, I don't speak Polish.

I need help.
Przepraszam, gdzie jest toaleta?
Where is the toilet, please?

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