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14 October 2014
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Greek, Ellinika'

Related languages Like a golden apple of ancient mythology, Greek is the only language on its branch of the Indo-European family tree. Its closest relations are the Indo-Iranian languages, and Armenian.
European speakers 12,000,000 speakers
Territories Greek is the official language in Greece and Cyprus. It is officially recognised in the Albanian districts of Saranda and Gjirokastër.
Home speakers live in Italy and Turkey. It is one of the official languages of the European Union.
Alphabet The Modern Greek alphabet has 24 letters, running from α to ω. What to Western alphabets is a semicolon ( ; ) in Greek denotes the question mark.
First examples Greek is one of the oldest recorded languages of Europe. There are clay tablets, from the second millennium BC, that contain records of trade between continental Greece and Crete.
Other facts The 19th and 20th centuries witnessed a struggle to establish a modern Greek language. Eventually, Demotic, which was used mainly in speech, prevailed over Katharévousa used in literature and official documents.
News in Greek BBC World Service in Greek.

Key Phrases


Pleased to meet you.



Thank you.

My name is ...

Do you speak English?

I'm sorry, I don't speak Greek

I need help.

Where is the toilet, please?

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