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25 April 2014
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German, Deutsch

Related languages German is a part of the West Germanic family of languages, and is closely related to Dutch, English, Frisian and Yiddish.
European speakers 121,000,000 speakers
Territories German is the official language in Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein and Switzerland and has official status in Belgium and Luxembourg.
Home speakers can be found in France, The Netherlands, Denmark, Italy, Hungary, Romania, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Kazakhstan and other republics of former USSR.
Alphabet German uses the Latin alphabet with the addition of the diacritics ¨ as in ä, ö, ü and ß.
First examples An early form of German appears on 6th century Runes, but the first written texts, such as the epic 'Hildebrandslied', appear in the 8th century.
Other facts German dialects are divided into Low German, spoken in the flat northern areas, Upper German, spoken in the mountainous south and Austria, and Central German. These 3 categories are also all divided into west and east. On top of that, there's a separate designation of the German spoken in Switzerland, Swiss German or Schwyzertüütsch.

Would you like to find out more? Then have a look at our German language resources!

Key Phrases
Ja.
Yes.
Nein.
No.
Willkommen!
Welcome!
Ich freue mich, Sie kennenzulernen.
Pleased to meet you.
Guten Tag.
Hello.
Auf Wiedersehen.
Goodbye.
Vielen Dank.
Thank you.
Ich heiße ...
My name is ...
Sprechen Sie Englisch?
Do you speak English?
Es tut mir leid, ich spreche nicht Deutsch.
I'm sorry, I don't speak German.
Ich brauche Hilfe.
I need help.
Wo ist die Toilette, bitte?
Where is the toilet, please?

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