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14 October 2014
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Basque, Euskara/Euskera

Related languages Unlike all other Western European languages, Basque is not part of the Indo-European family and is unrelated to any other known language.
European speakers ca 800,000 speakers.
Territories Basque is spoken either side of the Western Pyrenees: in Spain in the autonomous communities of Euskadi and Navarra, and Pyrénées Atlantiques in France. These territories are collectively known in the language as Euskal Herria, the Basque Country.
Alphabet Basque uses the Latin alphabet, with the exception of c, q, v, w and y, which are only used in loan words. Like Spanish, it also uses ñ.
First examples The language dates back to pre-Roman times, but the first written records don't appear until the 10th century AD, as clarification notes on a Latin book of sermons. Although most of the notes were in Spanish, some are in Basque, documenting that both languages co-existed in the area where the book was found.
Other facts Place names within the Spanish Basque Country have both a Basque and Spanish spelling - for example Gipuzkoa in Basque is Guipúzcoa in Spanish. Some even look completely different: Donostia is the Basque name for San Sebastian.

Key Phrases
Ongi etorri!
Urte askotarako.
Pleased to meet you.
Eskerrik asko.
Thank you.
(Amaia) dut izena.
My name is (Amaia).
Badakizu ingelesez hitz egiten?
Do you speak English?
Laguntza behar dut.
I need help.
Non daude komunak?
Where is the toilet, please?

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