Meaning / meaning compounds
These are characters which convey ideas and concepts by combining two or more pictographs. You may sometimes see them referred to as associative compounds.
女 (woman) ＋ 子 (child) ＝ 好 (good)
日 (sun) ＋ 月 (moon) ＝ 明 (bright)
木 (tree) ＋木 (tree) ＝林 (forest)
木 (tree) ＋ 日 (sun) ＝ 東 (east – you see the sun through the branches of the trees when it rises in the east)