entrance to the hospital
meant to be an essential part of Hitler's Atlantic Wall.
The War Tunnels are only one of many fortifications that the Germans built
order to build the tunnels, a huge workforce was needed, and this was
supplied by the Organisation Todt. More
than 5,000 slave labourers were brought over to Jersey - Russians, Poles,
Frenchmen and Spaniards.
men were treated harshly, but the Russians suffered the most. They were
seen to be sub-human, and were treated like animals. Men are known to
have died from disease, malnutrition, accidents and exhaustion.
the tunnels were made
of the corridors in the hospital
tunnels were blasted out with gunpowder and handtools, and then covered
with concrete. The hospital was dug into a slope, so that it would drain
location within the hill also ensured that the temperature remained at
a constant temperature throughout the year.
tunnels were originally constructed as an ammunition store and artillery
barracks, but the Germans converted them to a casualty clearing station
as D-Day drew nearer.
tunnels were sealed off, and air-conditioning and heating systems were
sealed behing gas-proof doors.
were added, along with an operating theatre, a medical supply room, a
casualty assessment centre and a dispensary.
the Jersey War Tunnels house 'Captive Island' - an exhibition dedicated
to how the occupation affected the islanders and the island.
operating theatre and other areas have been restored to show how the hospital
looked during the occupation.