of the defences built onto granite
King Philippe Augustus invaded Normandy in the 13th century, King John
of England ordered that money was raised to defend the islands.
was built at Mont Orgueil because of the prime position of the site. Sea
and cliffs protected the castle on three sides.
granite that the castle was built on meant that it was virtually impossible
lower level of Mont Orgueil
the 16th century, Mont Orgueil was out of date. New weapons were introduced,
meaning that Mont Orgueil was now susceptible to attack from ship-mounted
new castle needed to be built that was out of the range of new weapons
like cannons and gunpowder.
on Elizabeth Castle during the 1550's, when a gun platform was built on
the highest part of the islet.
later, Queen Elizabeth sent her military engineer over to construct a
the 17th and 18th centuries the castle developed and grew in size. By
the 1640's the castle had been extended twice.
Orgueil remained the island's secondary defence until 1907, when it was
given to the people of Jersey as an historic monument.
Castle was bought by the States of Jersey in 1923, also for use as an
have both continued in this capacity, except for a few years during the
occupation when the Germans refortified both castles.