entrance to the hospital
was meant to be an essential part of Hitler's Atlantic Wall.
The War Tunnels are only one of many fortifications that the Germans
built on Jersey.
order to build the tunnels, a huge workforce was needed, and this
was supplied by the Organisation Todt. More
than 5,000 slave labourers were brought over to Jersey - Russians,
Poles, Frenchmen and Spaniards.
men were treated harshly, but the Russians suffered the most. They
were seen to be sub-human, and were treated like animals. Men are
known to have died from disease, malnutrition, accidents and exhaustion.
the tunnels were made
of the corridors in the hospital
tunnels were blasted out with gunpowder and handtools, and then
covered with concrete. The hospital was dug into a slope, so that
it would drain naturally.
location within the hill also ensured that the temperature remained
at a constant temperature throughout the year.
tunnels were originally constructed as an ammunition store and artillery
barracks, but the Germans converted them to a casualty clearing
station as D-Day drew nearer.
tunnels were sealed off, and air-conditioning and heating systems
were sealed behing gas-proof doors.
were added, along with an operating theatre, a medical supply room,
a casualty assessment centre and a dispensary.
the Jersey War Tunnels house 'Captive Island' - an exhibition dedicated
to how the occupation affected the islanders and the island.
operating theatre and other areas have been restored to show how
the hospital looked during the occupation.