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   Inside Out - South: Monday November 6, 2006

Rwanda

Wanted poster
Dr Vincent Bajinya - wanted for his alleged part in the genocide

A doctor accused of crimes against humanity has been working for a British charity and advising the government about refugees.

Dr Vincent Bajinya has been charged with multiple murders and with helping to organise the genocide in Rwanda.

But BBC Inside Out has discovered that he works at Praxis, a London-based charity which helps refugees from places like Rwanda.

He has also served on the Refugee Nurses Task Force, which was set up in 2003 to advise the British government.

Dr Bajinya, who changed his surname to Brown two years ago, tells presenter Fergal Keane that he is innocent:

"I don't have any connection with the genocide. I was not a politician and I didn't even know that the Rwandan government is accusing me.

"I had nothing to do with the massacres in Rwanda."

But an international arrest warrant issued by the Rwandan government says that Dr Bajinya was a political extremist who helped to plan the 1994 genocide.

He’s accused of supervising the killers in the Nyarugenge district of Kigali and of ordering the murder of 15 of his neighbours.

The alleged victims include an old man, a child and a mother with her new-born baby.

The warrant also accuses him of supervising road blocks where an unknown number of victims were stopped and killed.

Crimes against humanity?

National Prosecutor Emmanuel Rukangira says that Dr Bajinya should face trial for crimes against humanity:

"We consider Bajinya as a senior suspect of the genocide, as somebody who incited the killing of very many people."

He is hoping the British government will extradite Dr Bajinya, even though there is no extradition treaty between the two countries.

Dr Bajinya
Dr Bajinya has been suspended by Praxis

Inside Out also spoke to three eye witnesses in Kigali who accuse Dr Bajinya of murder.

Janvier Mabuye says he heard Dr Bajinya ordering the killers to finish off a taxi driver who had already been attacked with machetes.

"Bajinya told them look this is not how you kill a person, you're just playing with him.

"He might survive if you just leave him the way he is. At that point he called a young man and another neighbour and they came and killed him off.

"That is one of the images that always lasts each time I remember the genocide. It's one of the images of Bajinya that remains in my mind."

Dr Bajinya has now been suspended by Praxis.

The charity's director, Vaughan Jones, said it would be a tragedy for his organisation if the allegations were true.

"I had no suspicions and when I saw the allegations, I was very shocked. If they are true then I would feel betrayed, because we work with people who have come from difficult situations and need proper support.

"We are aware that there are all kinds of allegations and counter allegations in the community and sorting out the victim from the perpetrator is extremely hard."

No expedition treaty

The Home Office, which granted Dr Bajinya refugee status, doesn't comment on individual cases.

But it says that the absence of an extradition treaty is not an absolute barrier to extradition.

"We wouldn't wish anyone suspected of genocide to enjoy impunity here. Where there are allegations the government will establish the facts and assess the evidence before taking any action.

"In principle, where any individual is responsible for genocide the government would want to look at stripping them of their immigration status and removing them from the UK."

The genocide in Rwanda lasted just one hundred days, but claimed the lives of around 800,000 people.

Most of the victims were from the minority Tutsi population, which was attacked by Hutu extremists.

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Deep space

Space c/o Greg Parker
Caught on film - stunning space image by Greg Parker

Greg Parker has been taking breathtaking pictures of the deep space using amateur equipment specially adapted to fit in his back garden.

You would expect space pictures to be taken by huge telescopes perched on mountain peaks or floating on the edges of space.

But Greg has been taking pictures in his DIY observatory with equipment costing less than the price of a small family car.

To capture the deep space images he wanted, Greg has experimented with a unique combination of lenses on the front of his telescope.

Fitting them precisely was the key to getting sharp pictures.

A misalignment as small as one tenth of the thickness of a human hair would have blurred his pictures but Greg hit the precise spot accidentally the very first time!

The objects are incredibly faint, so Greg takes hundreds of separate photographs throughout a night, and it's only when they are all combined together that you can see the spectacular results.

Today Greg's images are on display to the wider world at an exhibition at Southampton University.

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Join the debate
Twins at school
School versus home education - which is best?

First time pupils

Home education is a long established legal right in the UK.

Although there are no official figures, current research suggests that around 50,000 of UK children are home educated.

But is home education a better, more practical option than conventional schooling?

Inside Out sends the 12-year-old Green twins from Weymouth off to school for the first time.

email your views to insideout@bbc.co.uk

Alternative lifestyle

The Green family are literally very green.

Their garden is organic, they dabble in being self sufficient and they describe themselves as "alternative".

Their twins, Aran and Fingal, are just normal teenagers except they've never ever been to school.

The boys spend most of their time, being boys - studying doesn't seem to be a top priority

The boys grow and sell their own vegetables, which earns them £150 a year

Although they spend much of their time gardening, there's some biology, economics and maths involved.

First day at school

Mr Green
The twin's father is used to them learning at home

Now the twins are facing their first ever school day at All Saints School in Weymouth, where their class mates are used to a far more structured education.

The crowded playground is also very different to the comfort of home.

Although the twins perform well in maths, they struggle in some subjects.

They are clearly behind the other 12-year-olds with their handwriting and spelling.

At the end of the day, the twins are relieved to be going back to their more laid-back lifestyle.

But which of the two systems provides the better, more rounded education?

email your views to insideout@bbc.co.uk

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