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- 10 June 2005
Today and this week we have been looking at the second world war and I have been looking at rationing mainley .Today we cooked a 1940's three course meal and used the proper rationing recipes and ingrediants .Then after we sung and danced to the teachers .Here is some information that I found out and I would like to share with you .
Rationing started in the Second World War in 1939.It marked the disappearance of all the shop except the necessities .Food and clothing was rationed the most so ration books were issued to every citizen in October 1939.
But it was postponed by the “stop rationing “campaign so it started on Monday 8th January 1940 instead of November 1939.
Everyone with a ration book was allowed a specific amount of basic foods. Here are some examples:
Meat — between 1s (5p) and 2s (10p) a head a week
Bacon 4oz to 8oz per week
Tea 2oz to 4oz a week
Cheese 1oz to 8oz per week
Sugar 8oz per week
But then the traditional wedding cake was put to a stop by the manufacture of “candied peel” and “crystallised cherries” In September 1940.Also the selling or making of iced cakes were banned in July 1940 .In June 1941 fruit like bananas completely disappeared .
On 1st of December 1941 the Ministry of Food introduced the points rationing scheme for items such as canned meat, fish and vegetables at first. Later items such as rice, canned fruit, condensed milk, breakfast cereals, biscuits and corflakes were added. Everyone was given 16 points a month, later raised to twenty, to spend as wished at any shop that had the items wanted.
In June 1941 Utility Clothing was introduced and this marked the beginning of clothes rationing and the cloths used up a minimal amount of fabric
Points for furniture were even used but this was only if you were bombed out ,having a baby or newly married .Petrol was also rationed so as a result people went back to using an ‘orse an’ cart !
But three years after the war things were still rationed and they were as follows.
Bacon and Ham 2oz per person per fortnight
Cheese 1.5 oz per week
Butter/margarine 7oz per week
Cooking fats 2oz per week
Meat 5p worth a week
Sugar 8oz per week
Tea 2oz per week
Chocolates and sweets 4oz per week
Eggs 1 egg per ration book
Liquid milk 3 pints per week
Preserves 4oz per week
Points-rationed Foods 4 points per week
Bread, soap, bananas, and potatoes were also rationed during this period. In 1951 people could still only buy 10d worth of meat each week.
The new commodities were rationed after the war. Bread was rationed from 1946 to 1948 and potatoes for a year from 1947. The points system ended in 1950.
Rationing continued in this country for 14 years until 1954, when meat was finally de-rationed.
Rationing stopped and people soon got back to their old recipes but some probably still use some of the war recipes today.
Here are some pictures of things that happened in the war and of ration books.
Today we had great fun dressing up in the period costume and I wore my Grandma's best dress which she leant me .It is navy blue with purple red and pink flowers on it . I also wore my navy blue socks and shoes and my very important gas mask box which we carried around all week and even into lunch with our headmistress.
We had great fun today dancing in our dresses and some of the taller girls in my class dressed as men and some wore high heels and kept falling over .
Also earlier in the weeek we had some ladies come in too teach us dance and they were really good and we told lots of funny jokes .
The teachers came to watch and my dad ,who teaches us for maths ,video recorded us and every one got very embarresed.
I have really enjoyed this week and I think that I have learn't a lot about the second world war .
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