King's South Africa Medal 1901-1902
Obverse: head of Edward VII with legend 'EDWARDUS VII REX IMPERATOR' ('Edward VII King Emperor')
Reverse: these are the same as the Queen’s medal: the figure of Britannia with a flag in her left hand extending a laurel wreath towards advancing soldiers. In the background is the sea with two warships; above are the words 'SOUTH AFRICA'.
Personal details engraved on the rim
Fred’s medal is named as follows: '90018 Dvr F HALL M Batty RHA'. This is his unique regimental number and his rank of Driver. Notice that the naming differs slightly from the Queen’s Medal in that it includes 'M Batty' his 'battery' (a concentration of gun artillery): this is a useful piece of information as the location of 'M Battery' at particular times during the campaign can be ascertained.
Only two clasps were issued for this medal: South Africa 1901 and South Africa 1902. The medal was never issued alone (that is without the Queen’s medal).
The ribbon is 32mm wide, and described as green, white and yellow in equal widths. (Incidentally, the ribbon on FH’s medal is the wrong way round - the green should be on the left. Soldiers received the medals, clasps and ribbons separately, and often attached them together incorrectly.)
Who received it?
More about researching medals and badges.
Struck in silver, it was awarded to all those who were serving in South Africa on or after 1 January 1902, and provided they had completed 18 months war service on that date or by 1st June 1902. The medal is named on the rim in the same style as the Queen’s Medal. Very few King’s Medals were awarded to the Royal Navy, as by the middle of 1901, most of the sailors who served in the Naval Brigades had returned to their ships.