‘The Solemn League and Covenant Now brings a smile, now brings a tear. But sacred freedom, too, was theirs; If thou‘rt a slave, indulge thy sneer.’
Robert Burns on the Covenanters
The National Covenant of 1638 called for all Scots to oppose Roman Catholicism and the policies of Charles I. It was written in Greyfriars Church in Edinburgh on 28 February 1638- 'that glorious marriage day of the Kingdom with God’- and fell into three parts:
1. A total
abjuration of popery
The day after the local clergy had signed the agreement, it was distributed to the four corners of Scotland for public signing. Individuals from the South West of Scotland are said to have signed the National Covenant in their own blood!
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