Judging the Nazis
'Scant formal reference was made to the Holocaust and virutally none to the fate of Europe's Jews...'
After fierce debate in Washington, American pressure settled the matter. The International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg tried 21 senior Nazis before judges drawn from the allied nations. Of the accused, 11 were executed, seven received lesser sentences and three were acquitted. Several hundred smaller trials followed. The legal orientation of the Nuremberg Trials and their sister Tribunal in Tokyo reflected the grievances of the allies, being almost entirely concerned with prosecuting Axis leaders for 'conspiracy to wage aggressive war'. Attention to their brutality was largely limited to 'violations of the customs of war' in the form of mistreatment of allied POWs. Scant formal reference was made to the Holocaust and virtually none to the fate of Europe's Jews, although during the trials and their accompanying investigation much evidence emerged about both.