BBC HomeExplore the BBC
This page was last updated in November 2009We've left it here for reference.More information

23 September 2014
Accessibility help
Text only
Wars and Conflict - The Plantation of Ulster

BBC Homepage
History
Wars and
Conflict

»
  The Plantation
  Ireland before the Plantation
  Planters
  Cartographers
  London Companies
  American connection
Architecture
  Tully Castle
  Religious legacy
  Perspective
  Ulster Scots
  Settlement map
  Bardic poetry
  Audio gallery

 

  Go further
 

Contact Us

Like this page?
Send it to a friend!

 
by topic by time by people
 
Plantation Architecture
 
<< Back to article
 

Castle Caulfield
- Nick Brannon

Hear audio version
Audio Clips

Castle Caulfield in County Tyrone was built by Sir Toby Caulfield in the years between 1611 and 1619. He had been granted these lands as part of the Ulster Plantation, and he chose to build his castle on the site of an Earlier building occupied by the O’Donnelly clan who were expelled from these lands.

The castle illustrates the paradox of the English colonist coming to Ireland. All had been peaceful in England for decades and the architectural styles in England at the time reflected that. Caulfield brought those with him but had to try to accommodate them to the warfare, to the hostile landscape of the Ulster colonies, and one sees that reflected in parts of the architecture in relation to how the windows were built, how big they were, and the fact that this castle needed a major gatehouse over which the coat-of-arms of Caulfield are still proudly visible.

The site was attacked and captured in 1641 - the O’Donnellys got their revenge - but once the Rebellion was over in 1641, the buildings were reoccupied until the 1660s. Some two-thirds of them now survive although the building of course is a roofless ruin, but wandering round the inside of the building, one can still see traces, through cracked stone and staining, of the massive fire that must have consumed the building when captured and destroyed in 1641.
 

<< Back to article Index
Index
Printable version Printable version
Top of Page


Reading room Multimedia zone For kids How to


About the BBC | Help | Terms of Use | Privacy & Cookies Policy