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18 September 2014
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Wars and Conflict - The Plantation of Ulster

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English and Scottish Planters

In this section you can discover how The Flight of the Earls in 1607 and O'Doherty's rebellion the following year persuaded King James I to introduce a more radical Plantation plan with the help of the London Livery Companies.

Image of Walter Devereux 16th century colonisation plans for Ulster
The Tudor monarchy did not support large-scale Scottish settlement in Ulster. Find out what happened to Queen Elizabeth I's plan to encourage English colonial settlement in the Ards Peninsula.
Image of an artist's impression of The Flight of the Earls Flight of the Earls
The sudden departure of the Earls after The Nine Years' War led to the Plantation of Ulster. Discover the fate of the Earls after they left Rathmullan for Spain.
Image of the Vintners' bawn in Bellaghy Plans and implementation
After the O’Doherty rebellion in 1608 King James 1 instigated a more radical Plantation project. Discover whether more Scots than English migrated to Ulster in search of a better life.
Image of The Honourable the Irish Society coat of arms The London Companies
Financial backing for the Plantation of Ulster came from 12 of London’s largest livery companies. Find out whether they hungered after profit or fulfilled their settlement commitments.
Image of Sir Arthur Chichester Reaction of the natives
After The Flight of the Earls many native Irish welcomed the restructuring of land ownership. Discover why Lord Deputy Chichester warned planters of the danger of natives cutting their throats.
Image of James I, King of England, VI of Scotland Economic background of the settlers
The Plantation of Ulster depended on wealthy investors from England and Scotland. Read about how economic poverty in Scotland encouraged thousands to migrate to Ulster in search of prosperity.
Image of Thomas Raven's map of Coleraine Economic and social conditions
Early Plantation settlers were poor and lived in rural areas but within a generation small market towns developed. Discover the range of consumer goods imported to service this new economy.
Image of a Gaelic Irish woman Women and the Plantation
The ratio between men and women settlers during the early years of the Plantation was uneven. Discover whether women had more protection under English common law than Gaelic law.
Image of The Burning Bush Religion
Scottish and English planters were obliged to conform to the Protestant reformation. Read about the tensions that developed between the overwhelmingly Presbyterian Scottish settlers and the Anglican English settlers.
Image of Owen Roe O'Neill 1641 Rebellion
During the 1641 Rebellion native Catholics surprised Protestant settlers and killed thousands. Was the massacre a reaction to the Plantation? Find out how historians interpret this tragic event today.
Image of William of Orange Long term consequences
The Plantation failed in its objective to undermine Catholicism and subjugate the native Irish. Discover how it determined the long term division of Northern Ireland into Catholic and Protestant communities.

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