In 1786, Charles 1st Marquis Cornwallis was given British India to rule. In 1790 he reluctantly fought the Third Mysore War, having realised that Tipu posed too great a threat to be ignored.
After three campaigns, Cornwallis finally forced Tipu into submission. Under the Treaty of Madras Tipu was forced to surrender not only half of his territory and but also his sons, aged eight and ten, as surety for peace. His sons were returned to him two years later.
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