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24 September 2014
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What happened after the battle
King Charles House in Worcester
King Charles House in Worcester
What happened to Charles after the battle of Worcester, and the fate of the Scottish army who fought for him.
Battle map
Battle timeline
Battle pictures
Charles' army
Cromwell's army
What happened afterwards
Charles II - TV series
Commandery Civil War museum
Sealed Knot
English Civil War Society

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The Battle of Worcester took place of September the 3rd 1651

It was between a largely Scottish army under Charles II and the Parliamentary forces under Oliver Cromwell

After losing the battle Charles was forced to flee for his life.

Many of the Scottish soldiers who survived the battle were transported to America

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What happened to Charles?

Charles escaped Worcester after the battle by the skin of his teeth.

He was almost captured by Parliamentary cavalry as the Royalist defenses around Sidbury collapsed.

With Cromwell's men inside the city walls in strength and controlling three of the four city gates it wasn't easy for Charles to escape.

Fortunately his headquarters was in the Cornmarket, near the St Martin's Gate, and he was able to escape through this with Lord Wilmott and others.

Wilmott stayed with him during his six weeks on the run - Charles had a price of £1000 on his head and there was a sentence of death awaiting anyone who was caught helping him.

At one point, legend has it, Charles hid in an oak tree to escape his pursuers.

After sheltering in a number of Royalist "safe houses" and a failed attempt to get out of the country at Bristol Charles managed to escape via Shoreham to Fécamp in France.

It would be nine years before he returned to the country after the death of Oliver Cromwell.

What happened to the Scots army?

Most of the 16,000 troops who fought for Charles at the Battle of Worcester were Scottish.

Casualty figures after civil war battles can never be precise but it's estimated that 3,000 Scots died in the battle.

A further 2,000 were captured and sent to the "New World" colonies in North America.

Most ended up in New England and Virginia, states which still maintain their Scottish links to this day.

There is a memorial to the Scottish troops who died at the Battle of Worcester at the old Powick Bridge.

It's a two-ton block of Scottish granite, and was unveiled by the veteran MP Tam Dalyell, one of who's ancestors fought in the battle.
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