Did one man's vision shape the way we bury our war dead?

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1. Common sacrifice

Before the conflict of 1914-1918, wars were commemorated by celebrating the military leaders with ornate statues. The soldiers who had fought and died were buried in mass graves, often deemed unworthy of mention.

The First World War would change this. Never before had so many soldiers of the British Empire marched off to fight - or died in such numbers. But one man was determined to find a way to mark the sacrifice of each individual who had given their life for the common cause. In doing so, he would bring about one of the most significant civic design innovations of our age.

2. A new way of seeing

Fabian Ware headed to the Western Front in 1914, too old to fight but wanting to help behind the lines. Once there, he was shocked by what he saw and became determined that all soldiers of the British Empire should be remembered.

3. The blueprint for a foreign field

In 1918 and with Fabian Ware as Vice Chairman, the Imperial War Graves Commission published a report setting out the plans for the cemeteries and monuments.

4. The men who made it happen

Who were the key players who turned the vision into a reality? Select the images to find out more about what they did.

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Images courtesy of National Portrait Gallery, Getty Images and Mary Evans Picture Library.

5. Equality in death

All soldiers 'should have equal treatment in their graves', the report had stated. Click on the headstone to find out more.

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6. The silent Empires of the Dead

These cemeteries now stand in six of the seven continents on Earth, guided by the first principles of the Imperial War Graves Commission.

7. Ways of remembering

First World War memorials are all around us. What other commemorations emerged in the aftermath of the Great War?

Living memorials

Image: Getty Images

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Libraries, schools, stadiums

Many felt that memorials should have a practical function for the benefit of the living. These include scholarships and bequests as well as physical monuments.

Natural memorials

Image: Graeme Saunders

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Parks, gardens, trees

Planting trees and gardens to create pleasant spaces for reflection and contemplation. In Australia, Avenues of Honour were planted to remember the dead.

Pacifist memorials

Image: Topfoto

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Memorials for peace

In the aftermath of the First World War, many rejected the idea of creating memorials with military symbolism and messages and instead erected peace memorials.

Local memorials

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Memorials across Britain

Memorials in nearly every town and village in the country honour fallen soldiers of that area and remain an important part of the local civic landscape today.