Why is reading good for me?

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1. Are you sitting comfortably?

We live in an age where we can spend hours bingeing on TV box sets or surfing social media. But despite these distractions, reading remains a popular pastime.

There's still a huge market for novels, with bestsellers like Paula Hawkins’ thriller The Girl on the Train able to sell around half a million copies in a year in the UK alone.

We know that reading is good for us as it improves our literacy, but what other benefits does it offer?

2. Characters we love, or love to hate

Intriguing characters can often hook us into a story, but reading helps us to develop our own ideas and personalities as we compare our reactions and beliefs to those in the story. Click below to discover more.

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Credit: Benedict Cumberbatch as Sherlock Holmes, Photos 12 / Alamy; Illustration from Alice in Wonderland, AF Fotografie/Alamy; Ralph Fiennes as Heathcliff, Paramount/The Kobal Collection.

3. Hidden health benefits

But reading does more than just help us to learn about our own personalities. It’s good for our health, too.

Studies show that it can increase our emotional intelligence as we understand a range of perspectives and motivations.

There is some evidence that mental stimulation is one of the factors that can delay the onset of dementia and reading is among the activities that can help to keep the brain active. It is far from a passive pastime. When we read we create mental simulations of the activities, sights and sounds of scenes in a story, blending these with our own memories and experiences, all of which stimulates the neural pathways.

As well as this, research suggests that reading for 30 minutes a week increases health and wellbeing. Reading for pleasure has been found to improve our confidence and self-esteem, providing the grounding we need to pursue our goals and make life decisions. It can also aid our sleep and reduce feelings of loneliness.

To the onlooker, reading can appear to be a solitary and passive activity. But the simple act of picking up a book can do us a world of good.

4. Armchair education

Of course, reading is also a great way of taking you to a new world.

We could read historical accounts about the Napoleonic Wars or Victorian workhouses, but they would not captivate us in the way War and Peace or Oliver Twist does.

We can watch these stories unfold in film and TV adaptations, but when we read them instead we actively engage with the subject, characters and surroundings.

So although our primary motivation for turning the pages might be escapism and relaxation, we are actually learning and broadening our knowledge, even if we don't realise that's happening.

5. Need some inspiration?

So which novel should be next on your list? The recent winners of major fiction competitions may appeal...

Costa Novel 2015

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Costa Novel 2015

Kate Atkinson’s novel A God in Ruins follows World War Two bomber pilot Teddy Todd through the 20th Century and the future he never expected to have.

Booker Prize 2015

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Booker Prize 2015

Inspired by the attempted murder of Bob Marley in 1976, Marlon James’s novel A Brief History of Seven Killings imagines what happened to the gunmen.

Women’s Prize for Fiction 2015

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Women’s Prize for Fiction 2015

Ali Smith’s novel How to be Both focuses on the lives of a grieving teenage girl in the present day and a 15th Century Renaissance artist.