Future Media Standards & Guidelines

Focus styles

All focusable elements must have a clearly identifiable visual style when they have focus


Sighted keyboard users do not have the explicit association between pointer and content that pointing device users have, so it is important that they are aware at all times what element currently has focus and which element keyboard interactions will operate on.

The currently focussed element should therefore have a visual style that makes it clearly distinguishable from the surrounding content.



    a {
        text-decoration: none;
    a:focus {
        text-decoration: underline;


    a {
        outline: none;


Procedure Expected Result Type
For every <a>, <button>, or other focusable element check the visual style of the :focus state All <a>, <button>, and other focusable elements must have a visually distinguishable style between their regular and :focus states Manual

Using the standards and guidelines

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