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26 July 2014
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how to be a gardener - The complete online guide

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4 - Pond basics
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Alan's pond
Choosing the right pond
A pond takes a fair bit of construction and isnít easy to alter once itís in place, so think before you dig.

Choose a style that matches the area in your garden that you want to put it in. For example, a formal pond looks good in a formal area, but not in a wild corner, and vice versa.

Also, think about the maintenance a pond will need. A small pond with plants and fish needs nearly as much upkeep as a flowerbed of the same size.

Finally, donít forget safety. If you have small children, instead of a pond, maybe you should consider a bog garden or a wall fountain which have no standing water. Even shallow water isnít free from danger.
Siting the pond
Donít just plonk a pond where there happens to be a gap in the garden.

It needs to be sited where youíll get the most enjoyment from it. Think of the way you and your family use the garden. Donít park the pond right where the children want to play football!
Front of garden
When the pond is close to the house, you can see it from your windows, or when youíre sitting out on the patio.

It's a good place for a formal water garden or the family fish pond, but because of all the activity in the area it probably wonít attract much wildlife.
Back of garden
The end of the garden, where itís quiet and secluded, is the perfect place to put a wildlife pond.

While youíre at it, why not add a rustic gazebo nearby to use as a Ďhideí for pond-watching? It makes a great garden retreat.
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4. Water garden

Introduction
Pond basics
Water features
Water garden plants
Water garden planting
Bog garden plants

Highlights
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