BBC navigation

BBC

Rubbing in

Rubbing in

'Rubbing in' is a technique where flour is rubbed into a fat to make dishes such as shortcrust pastry, crumbles and scones.

-Using your fingertips, rub the flour and butter together until the mixture resembles breadcrumbs (fine or coarse, depending on the recipe).

-Lift the mixture up as you rub it in so that the air going through it keeps it cool.

-Shake the bowl every so often to bring the larger lumps of butter to the surface.

See recipe in full

Rich scones Rich scones

By Lesley Waters

Recipes using this technique

Main course

Light meals & snacks

Starters & nibbles

Desserts

Cakes and baking

Skill level

Easy

Equipment you will need for this technique

  • Mixing bowl

Quick recipe finder

Type the ingredients you want to use, then click Go. For better results you can use quotation marks around phrases (e.g. "chicken breast"). Alternatively you can search by chef, programme, cuisine, diet, or dish (e.g. Lasagne).

Advanced search options

Related techniques

Easy

Intermediate

Other

See all cooking techniques

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.