Land use zones in developed world cities

Case study - Glasgow

Map of Scotland

Different areas within towns and cities can be recognised according to their land use. Land uses such as housing and industry can be grouped together into land use zones:

The diagram below highlights these different land use zones in a town/city.

Land use zones

Land use zones

Map of Glasgow and surrounding areas

Map of Glasgow and surrounding areas
Glossary
  1. amenities Facilities such as shops, services and restaurants.
  2. business park An area of modern factories located on the outskirts of a settlement (also called an industrial estate).
  3. CBD Central Business District. The centre of a city where shops and offices are found.
  4. charities A voluntary organisation that helps people without getting anything in return.
  5. commuters People who live in one area and travel to another place to work.
  6. congestion Traffic jams.
  7. congestion charge The payment due if a private vehicle drives in a defined area during certain times of the week.
  8. conservatories A glass structure built onto the rear of a house.
  9. convenience shopping facilities A shop that sells everyday essentials such as bread, milk and newspapers.
  10. council estates An area of public or social housing built by the local council.
  11. crescents A street that has a half-moon shape.
  12. cul-de-sacs A street that is closed at one end (also called a dead-end).
  13. derelict buildings A building that has been abandoned and is lying empty.
  14. derelict land An area of land that has been previously built on and is no longer used.
  15. detached A house that is stand alone.
  16. dockland The area surrounding docks (a place where ships are located).
  17. favela A very poor quality house in Brazil (also called a slum).
  18. graffiti Writing or graphics that have been written or sprayed illegally on a surface or wall in a public place.
  19. green belt The area of land surrounding an urban area which has strict controls on what can be built and where.
  20. grid iron street pattern When streets run parallel to one another in different directions i.e. N/S and E/W.
  21. health centres A building where doctors and nurses provide health care and advice to the public.
  22. healthcare The resources available to maintain the condition of human beings.
  23. heavy industrial factories Places of work that make bulky or heavy goods e.g. shipyards and steel works.
  24. high density When there are a lot of things in one place.
  25. illegal An act that is against the law.
  26. industrial estates When factories are grouped together.
  27. industry The type of work that people do.
  28. inner city The land use zone made up of the old industrial zone and old housing zone.
  29. labour Work.
  30. land use conflicts A disagreement over the way an area of land is used.
  31. land use zones When an area has certain characteristic features within a town or city.
  32. land values The cost of a piece of land.
  33. landslide When the rocks on the side of a steep slope give way.
  34. low density Houses are detached or semi-detached with space for gardens and garages.
  35. market The customers who buy goods and services.
  36. multi-storey car parks A place where there are many floors of parking places under one roof.
  37. new business district An area of large shops, supermarkets and entertainments e.g. cinemas located on the outskirts of a settlement.
  38. new housing zone An area of modern housing located on the outskirts of a settlement.
  39. new industrial zone An area of modern factories located on the outskirts of a settlement.
  40. new towns A planned settlement built to accommodate people from over-crowded inner city areas after World War Two.
  41. park and ride schemes Cars are parked at a train station and people travel into town using the train.
  42. pedestrian precinct An area where cars are not allowed.
  43. re-development Any new construction on land that has had pre-existing uses.
  44. refuse collection The gathering and disposal of household rubbish.
  45. regenerate To improve an area e.g. by upgrading housing.
  46. renovation When houses are improved e.g. new kitchen fitted.
  47. retail parks A group of large shops which sell bulky goods e.g. furniture.
  48. ring roads Roads which by-pass city centres to reduce congestion.
  49. rural land users People who use the land in the countryside e.g. farmers.
  50. rural/urban fringe The boundary between a town or city and the countryside.
  51. sanitation The treatment and proper disposal of sewage.
  52. scenery The appearance of a place.
  53. self-help scheme A type of informal programme that enables people to help themselves and their neighbours to improve their homes in developing countries.
  54. semi detached A house that is attached to another house.
  55. services A number of activities that serve the general public for different purposes e.g. restaurants and cinemas.
  56. shanty towns A large settlement consisting of very poor quality housing.
  57. shipyards A factory that builds ships.
  58. shopping mall A collection of shops under one roof.
  59. slums Very run down areas where people live in very poor conditions. Also called ghettos.
  60. socio economic feature Something that demonstrates how economic activity affects social processes e.g. unemployment creates poverty.
  61. standard of living The amount of wealth or personal comfort that a person or group of people have.
  62. suburbs The outskirts of a town or city.
  63. tenements 4/5 storey flats built from sandstone.
  64. terraced housing Rows of houses all joined together.
  65. transport routes Different forms of transportation including roads, railways and ferry routes.
  66. tropical storm An intense storm that forms in places with warm seas. Sometimes called hurricanes or typhoons.
  67. unemployment Being without a job or source of income.
  68. urban regeneration When an area has been completely transformed by the refurbishment of the buildings and landscape.
  69. urban sprawl The spread or expansion of the urban area into the surrounding countryside.
  70. vandalism The deliberate addition, removal or change to something.
  71. waste ground An area of land that has been previously built on and is no longer used.
  72. zone of transition An area in a city that is under-going huge changes (also called the inner city).