Seventy-five percent of India's population lives in rural poverty. Villages lack basic services, communications and infrastructure, resulting in a stagnated rural economy which is driving many families to move to cities. Farming is dependent on the monsoon rains and some families keep silk worms as a means of earning extra income, but the yield is unreliable and poverty drives many farmers to suicide. A typical farmer feeds and clothes a family of four on $2 per day.
Students could create a diary entry for a farmer in rural India. They could express the harshness of the conditions they have to face and how hard they need to work to support their families. Students should explain what options they have to improve their lifestyle, often resulting in migrating to cities and towns in the hope of new and better opportunities.