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A description showing how developments in Northern Ireland in the 1960s lay the foundations of the Troubles. We see the leaders of Northern Ireland (Terence O’Neill) and the Republic of Ireland (Sean Lemass) meeting in friendship, alarming some Unionists. Ian Paisley is shown leading protests against O’Neill’s actions. The action then moves to focus on the emergence of the civil rights movement in Northern Ireland and the ways in which the state reacted. The violent response of the police to a civil rights march in 1968 is documented with some graphic footage.
This clip is from:
First broadcast:
17 February 1981

Classroom Ideas

Draw a cloud diagram with the label 'Tensions in Northern Ireland' at the centre. Use this clip to develop the diagram by listing the different factors which caused tension. Then ask students whether they feel that the right to protest should have no boundaries. Use the clip as stimulus to ask students to prepare a report for a TV news report to broadcast somewhere in Europe, in a country which knows little about Northern Ireland, about the scenes they have witnessed. Before writing their report, ask students to consider the following questions: "What are civil rights in Northern Ireland? What are the protestors demanding? Are the police (RUC) protecting or defending civil rights?"