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The Oslo Accords in 1992 and the Declaration of Principles signed on the White House lawn in 1993 is the story of two men; Arafat, who returned a hero and leader for the Palestinian people and Rabin, who was regarded as a hero in some quarters of Israel too.

The secret Oslo meetings between the Palestine Liberation Organization and Israel delegates created the platform for the famous Arafat-Rabin handshake on the White House lawn in 1993. This event significantly brought an end to the First Intifada (Palestinian Uprising) and brought mutual recognition to both communities. Within its principles was the prospect of peace and mutual statehood, and promises of withdrawals over the next five years.

The assassination of Rabin in 1995 by a Jewish extremist resulted in suspicions and distrust, and the next few years were characterised by suicide bombing and violence on both sides.
This clip is from:
First broadcast:
29 January 2004

Classroom Ideas

Students can create a timeline of events from the Oslo Accords to Rabin's assassination. Students could be asked to rate each event from 1 to 10 for both peace and conflict, whereby the higher the number, the more likely it is to have an either/ or result.

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