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Description

The capture and execution of William Wallace. As an outlaw, Wallace was presented with charges against him without the presence of witnesses, jury or defence. His death and the subsequent display of his body parts, served as a warning to anyone who might challenge King Edward I. Although Wallace had ultimately failed in his endeavours, this image, combined with Edward's efforts to crush the Scottish people, have done much to determine how the Scots define themselves.
A History of Scotland
This clip is from:
A History of Scotland, Hammers of the Scots
First broadcast:
16 November 2008

Classroom Ideas

Lead students to explore the change of fortune that brought Wallace from a leader to an outlaw. Look into the reasons why Scottish nobles, including Wishart, turned against him.
Students could use the example of Wallace's capture, and his ongoing reputation, as an exercise in source reliability. Why do the English and the Scottish version of events differ? The class can discuss how to judge the reliability of the sources involved and how to assess their bias. Alternatively, use the clip to look at Wallace as a symbol of Scotland and how Scotland is portrayed as a nation.