The observations of J Khol (Travels in Ireland, 1846) describes how the division of land over generations meant many Irish people constantly lived on the brink of starvation.
Consider the factors that led the land in Ireland to be divided into such limited plots and have the class compare this with the situation for crofters in Scotland. Discuss what people grew on their farms. How much was for their own subsistence and how much did they have to use crops and animals to pay rents? Examine the conditions in Ireland that led to rapid growth in population during the early 19th century.