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A significant factor in the origins of European Jewish Zionism was the Jewish experiences in late 19th century Russia of aggressive anti-semitism and violent pogrom. This spawned active youth and political movements which saw the opportunity to look towards 'Zion' and build a desire to migrate to Palestine.
This clip is from:
First broadcast:
29 January 2004

Classroom Ideas

Students should be made aware of the meaning of 'Zionism', 'anti-Semitism' and 'ghetto'. Students should be directed to identify the two promises made by Britain in the early twentieth century. They should be directed to describe and explain these and evaluate the compatibility of these promises. Students could refer back to these promises in later studies to consider the impact of these two promises on the future of Arab-Israeli relations.