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The footage looks at the reasons why Germans felt the Treaty of Versailles was unfair, feelings that were embodied in a German cartoon of the 1920s. There was a lack of negotiation, the economy was wrecked by reparations and the redrawing of the map of Europe did not allow the self-determination, promised in Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points, to be applied to Germans. Comments from Fritz Thyssen, a German industrialist, provide a contemporaneous view.
This clip is from:
First broadcast:
26 January 2012

Classroom Ideas

The inclusion of both German and British cartoons from the period allows the evaluation of cartoons as a form of evidence. How should we read them, as opposed to text or photographs? Students could conduct an analysis of the reasons that those at the time had concerns about the Treaty, centred on the US retreat to isolationism, the fate of Clemenceau and the comments of Fritz Thyssen and Harold Nicholson on why the Treaty was unsatisfactory.