Edward I of England invites 'The Competitors' to Norham, where he decides the future of the Scottish crown and puts an end to the succession crisis.
Discuss the Guardians of Scotland. Students could look into who the four Guardians of this time were and why they ended up as effective heads of state. Explore why they involved Edward I. The class could examine the competing claims of Balliol and Bruce for the Scottish crown and consider the merit of the additional eleven claims put forward by Edward. Students could assess Edward I's motives and examine his actions. Why did the competitors balk at his demands?