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The musician Alam Khan demonstrates a major scale on the sarode with the Indian note names. The sarode is a stringed musical instrument used mainly in Indian classical music. Alam Khan explains how the ragas are derived from the ten basic scales. Ragas are used to express different moods through music such as sadness and joy. A short excerpt from a concert performance is followed by an explanation of the use of scales, known as 'thats'.
This clip is from:
First broadcast:
10 June 2009

Classroom Ideas

Give each group of students a different raga to work with, and an indication of the possible mood which they should try to express. Students can then compose a short melodic piece based only on the notes of their raga.

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