The Intel Corporation created some of the first affordable, small microprocessors that allowed the personal computer, as we know it, to come into being.
The founder of Intel, Gordon Moore, is famous for 'Moore's Law'. This law is the concrete foundation that the entire personal computer industry must build on in order to survive and profit. Simply put, the law states that,
The logic density of silicon integrated circuits has closely followed the curve (bits per square inch) = 2^((t - 1962)) where t is time in years.
That is, the amount of information storable on a given amount of silicon has roughly doubled every year since the technology was invented.
This law has remained true to this very day, and is the reason that Intel Corporation has grown to be one of the largest and richest computer companies in the world.
Based in Santa Clara, California, Intel has recently been delving into many areas of computer hardware and software that one would not initially expect. Once primarily a hardware company, Intel releases a growing number of software products every year geared towards home consumers. Even more recently, Intel has been building up an Internet Data Services division to sell pre-packaged ISP services to smaller organizations around the world.
Intel has only a few competitors in the personal computer CPU market. Most notable is Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), which has recently become a threat to Intel's stronghold over the CPU market.