Prorogation ceremony marks an end to the term
The 2013-14 session of Parliament has formally been closed, in a ceremony known as Prorogation.
Both the House Commons and House of Lords will not meet again until the State Opening of Parliament on 4 June.
During the ceremony, on 14 May 2014, a number of bills were given Royal Assent, including the Care Bill, Immigration Bill, Pensions Bill and House of Lords Reform (No.2) Bill.
The Queen formally prorogues Parliament on the advice of the Privy Council.
The ceremony takes the form of an announcement on behalf of The Queen, read in the House of Lords.
As with State Opening, the Speaker of the House of Commons and MPs attend the Lords' chamber to hear the announcement.
No monarch has attended Prorogation personally since Queen Victoria.
Instead, a group of Lords Commissioners are appointed, to act in the Queen's name and Prorogue Parliament.
These peers, known as the Royal Commission, included:
- Lord Hill of Oareford - Leader of the House of Lords
- Baroness D'Souza - Lord Speaker
- Baroness Royall of Blaisdon - Shadow Leader of the House of Lords
- Lord Wallace of Tankerness - Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
- Lord Butler of Brockwell - representing crossbench peers
The speaker of the House of Commons then formally tells MPs what has happened in the Lords.
The Queen's assent to the bills is indicated by the Clerk in Norman French: "La Reyne le Veult", which means "The Queen wishes it".