About Coridor 5

Are you mad about music? This is your chance to hang out with the gang at Coridor 5 and discover more about all kinds of music - from rock and pop to jazz, classical, dance and urban. Check out Coridor 5's music clips and videos, get top song-writing tips and advice and have a go at composing your own tunes.

Coridor 5 is a Welsh language music resource for schools, key stage 3. It's a collection of interactive games and musical masterclasses featuring five students at a performing arts school.

Each character introduces a different music genre and the activities are themed around specific learning objectives.

Visit each student's room to find out what music they like and discover some of their favourite techniques and tips.

Click around the objects in each room to access the activities. To follow the suggested learning journey, click on the activity indicated by the red arrow.

The following resources are common to each room:

Creu Cân (Sketch-a-Song)

The Creu Cân tool allows you to compose and remix songs. Click on the 'Dangoswch Sut Mae Gwneud' (Show Me) button to watch a demonstration of how to complete the task. If you're composing, you will find the 'Play', 'Fast forward' and 'Rewind' buttons useful. You can listen to your work again and change it if you like.

Hoff Draciau (Favourite tracks)

Each character has selected five top tunes by their favourite artists. You can listen to the clips and hear the characters explain their choices. Do you agree?

Banc Geiriau (Glossary of musical terms)

There are a lot of musical words and terms. This database will help you remember some of the key ones.

Pwy ydy...? (Personal profile)

Listen to the characters talk about their background in these short biographies.

Cymorth Clyweledol (Audio Visual help)

You can click on the Cymorth Clyweledol button to:

These features are not accessible while you're in the 'Information' section. You can also navigate most content using the keyboard.

Aron (Pop)

Aron's favourite genre is pop music. In his room you can learn how to use musical tricks and clichés, learn about chord progressions and about the chords that are used in most pop songs.

Cerddoriaeth Aron (Aron's music)

'Petawn i'n Rhydd' and 'Daeth Tro ar Fyd'

Listen to Aron's songs. How do they compare with other song styles, or genres you know?

Fideos Aron (Aron's videos)

Triciau dirgel cyfansoddi caneuon (Sneaky songwriting tricks)

Songwriters sometimes use tricks, or 'musical clichés'. Aron talks about how mood and atmosphere in a song can be created with clichés. Different music styles, different music tricks - all really useful to know.

Cordiau cŵl (Cool chords)

Aron talks about how the same chord structures (I, IV and V) pop up in all kinds of songs. These 'common chord progressions' are what many pop songs are built on. They are the cool chords.

Mwy o gordiau cŵl (More cool chords)

Aron explains that lots of different songs use the same chord structure. In fact, most songs only use about three chords - these are chords I, IV and V. Did you realise a lot of well known songs use these chords?

Creu Cân (Sketch-a-Song)

Creu cân yn defnyddio cordiau - lefel 1 (Make a song using chords - level 1)

Fill the track by adding cool chord progressions that work neatly in the song. Choose from the clip store. You'll soon feel at home with common chord progressions, used in many styles of world music.

Creu cân yn defnyddio cordiau - lefel 2 (Make a song using chords - level 2)

With the Creu Cân tool, complete the track. Just put in chord progressions, from the clip store. It will help you get to know the range of chords musicians use, and the effect chords have on songs.

Gemau (Games)

Nodwch y tric cerddorol! (Spot the musical trick!)

Match music clips and musical clichés. Become an expert at spotting and analysing all sorts of musical clichés in different song styles.

Nodwch y cordiau! Spot the chords!)

See how good you are at spotting cool chords. In this game, you simply match sample chord progressions with songs that have the same chord sequences.

Carmen (Urban)

Carmen's favourite genre is urban music. In her room you can learn about vocal improvisation using call and response, pentatonic scales and safe notes.

Cerddoriaeth Carmen (Carmen's music)

'Tro Amser Nôl' and 'Dw i'n Deud 'tha ti - Na!'

As you listen, compare Carmen's tracks with other songs you've heard. Think about the differences in style and sound.

Fideos Carmen (Carmen's videos)

Creu (Making it up)

Carmen talks about improvisation. She explains how she and Maeve use 'call and response' to make up songs. She gives tips on how to improvise, and how improvisation can help in composition. Key tools in the basic song-writing kit.

Cadwch bethau'n syml (Keep it simple)

Learn how to improvise using a five-note or 'pentatonic' scale. For a start, keep a simple rhythm. Explore improvisation in performance. Scales are basic tools for improvisation, so they're worth getting to know.

Nodau diogel (Safe notes)

A video guide to safety first singing. Carmen explains how three notes make a chord. Any of these same notes can be used over this chord. They are 'safe notes'. Musically, it's smart to know how to improvise with chord progressions and safe notes.

Mwy o nodau diogel (More safe notes)

Carmen gives a short master-class on safe notes and chords when improvising. She shows how to perform better using improvisation over chord progressions, with safe note scales and patterns.

Maeve (Dance)

Maeve specialises in Dance music. In her room you can learn how different ideas can inspire songs, how to remix songs and how to compose to a brief.

Cerddoriaeth Maeve (Maeve's music)

'Tisie Byw Mewn Parti 'Da Fi?' and 'Dal i Fyw a Bod'

Compare Maeve's songs and her performances to learn more about music styles. Compare these songs with others you've heard.

Fideos Maeve (Maeve's videos)

These videos explore ideas that can set the creative process ticking. How do people compose music in response to things and feelings that affect them?

Cyfeillgarwch (Friendship)

Ideas behind songs can be really big ones - friendship, for example. See how often the idea of friendship can inspire a song. Do most good songs have a story behind them?

Harddwch (Beauty)

Another idea for a song: self esteem, or beauty in someone else maybe. Watch the video for more about how music can be inspired by beauty.

Y Ddaear (The Earth)

The rhythm of life, maybe? This video shows how often music is inspired by the world around us.

Straeon i godi ofn (Scary stories)

Scared of singing out of tune? There are worse things. Watch this video to get you thinking about scariness as the force behind a song.

Straeon am y teulu (Family)

A song can be inspired by the people we love and care about. This video demonstrates how events in our family's lives can influence song writing.

Straeon trist (Sad stories)

There are such a lot of sad songs. Why? Maybe this video will suggest a few answers. Why do sad stories often make great songs?

Cymysgu'r cyfan (Mixing it up)

This video contains several clips, with different versions of the same song. It's about composition in different times and places. Discover how musicians mix different arrangements to create the performance they want.

Creu Cân (Sketch-a-Song)

Creu cân i gyd-fynd â llun (Make a song to match a picture)

A picture can inspire a song. Make your own CD cover by choosing from the backgrounds and frames. Then, with the Creu Cân tool, add rhythms, chords and melodies to complete a song inspired by the cover. Get creative! See how a visual can inspire music.

Creu alaw trwy newid offerynnau (Make a tune by changing instruments)

Remix Maeve's song 'Dal i Fyw a Bod' in various styles. Have a go at Classical, Jazzy, Trip Hop and Rock. Hear how different instrumental arrangements affect the sound of a melody. This is an intro to arranging, using music technology, and also about composing to a brief.

Creu alaw a churo'r cloc! (Make a tune and beat the clock!)

A time-test. Use the Creu Cân tool to compose a song - but watch the clock, and don't wander from the brief! Songwriters must often stick to a brief, and keep to deadlines. That means planning and composing within parameters. Success is beating the clock!

Pete (Rock)

Pete is Coridor 5's resident rocker. In his room you can learn how to remix songs, learn about song structure and how to recognize hooks and riffs.

Cerddoriaeth Pete (Pete's music)

'Beth a Ddaw' and 'Bôrd'

As you enjoy Pete's performances, you'll be learning about different song-styles or genres.

Fideos Pete (Pete's videos)

Adeiladu cân (Building a song)

Pete explains how he writes songs. Watch the video to learn about different song structures. Pete talks about how he structures a song. You'll pick up some useful music-words, to describe structure, such as binary and ternary.

Fy hoff fachau a riffiau (My favourite hooks and riffs)

Hooks and riffs are what people remember in hit songs. Why are some songs favourites and others forgotten?

Creu Cân (Sketch-a-song)

Creu cân gan ddefnyddio adrannau (Make a song using sections)

It's time to compose a song. Sharpen your musical skills by arranging structural blocks into a song. Pick up clips of bridges, intros, choruses etc, from the clip store. Great practice for budding songwriters!

Creu alaw gofiadwy - lefel 1 (Make a catchy tune - level 1)

Identify the hooks and riffs from the clip store. Then add them in the best places on the track to make a remix of Pete's song 'Beth a Ddaw'. Get to know the hooks and riffs in this song, then you can use hooks and riffs in your own compositions.

Creu alaw gofiadwy - lefel 2 (Make a catchy tune - level 2)

Use the Creu Cân tool to create a riff. Add your riff as a backing track on a re-mix of 'Bôrd' Try changing individual notes, to make the song better. By composing your own hooks and riffs, you can turn a pre-composed song into your own catchy tune.

Gemau (Games)

Trwsio'r gân (Fix the song)

The song has been mixed up. All you do is sort out the structure (verse, intro, chorus etc). Put the song back together and play it! The game shows how to structure a song, from different building blocks. It's good for revision too, if you've done this before.

Methu ag anghofio (Can't get it out of my head)

You'll find a selection of clips from commercial music tracks. Pick out the hooks and riffs. You'll soon see why some tunes just stick in people's heads

Riordan (Classical and Jazz)

Riordan's favourite genres are classical and jazz. In his room you can learn how to use the call and response technique and melodic devices such as inversion, retrograde and repetition when composing.

Cerddoriaeth Riordan (Riordan's music)

'Dy Lygaid Glas' and 'Daeth y Wawr'

Riordan is in ballad mode. Think about all the songs you like to listen to. Do the titles tell you anything about them? Expand your horizons and you'll see how amazingly varied music is.

Fideos Riordan (Riordan's videos)

Cyfansoddi alawon gwych (Writing top tunes)

A magic melody makes a top tune. Riordan shows how with the 'call and response' method. Listen to different melodies. Think why you like them - or not. Make your own melody, by changing the response to a call, and then make up your own response. That's music-making!

Beth i'w wneud pan mewn trafferth (What to do when you get stuck)

Watch a video of Riordan and Aron working together on call and response tunes. They explain how recording while they improvise helps them through sticky patches when song-writing.

Fy rysáit cudd ar gyfer alaw hudolus (My secret recipe for a magic melody)

Riordan talks about musical terms or 'melodic devices'. He introduces you to: inversion, retrograde and repetition. These are secret ingredients for great songs. It's easy when you know what devices are behind the music.

Creu Cân (Sketch-a-Song)

Creu alaw cwestiwn ac ateb (Call and Response)

Time to use the Creu Cân tool. Change the melody to reflect call and response and change the notes to create a new response. Playing this game will help make call and response work for you when composing.

Troelli'ch alaw - lefel 1 (Twisting your tune - level 1)

First, listen to Riordan's song. Next, pick out the gaps in the tune. Then, choose the melodic variations you want to finish the tune by using inversion, retrograde and repetition. Tune-twistingly simple!

Troelli'ch alaw - lefel 2 (Twisting your tune - level 2)

Start with a laid-down beat to Riordan's backing track 'Daeth y Wawr'. Then add your own melody. Don't forget to put in inversions and retrogrades.

Gemau (Games)

Parau'n cydweddu (Matching pairs)

It's game-time. All you do is pick out the retrogrades and inversions in a tune by Riordan. Playing the game shows how inversion and retrograde can be smart musical tricks in song-writing.

Rufus (Vocal Coach)

When he's not working out on his wheel, our rodent friend Rufus is Coridor 5's miniature musical maestro. Visit the vocal coach's room to find out how to warm up your voice, sing in tune and keep time.

Fideos Rufus (Rufus's videos)

Say hi to Rufus and check out his helpful tips and singing exercises.

Cynhesu (Warming up)

The guys from Coridor 5 warm up their singing voices. Pete adds a few comments, about how to get started.

Canu mewn tiwn! (Sing in tune!)

How come some people can't sing in tune? In this video, Aron describes how he warms up his voice. He also shows how he and Pete avoid singing 'flat' or 'sharp' notes.

Yr offeryn dynol! (The human instrument!)

The voice is a musical instrument. Maeve goes through a warm-up routine, singing different notes, with Riordan's help. She explains why the voice, and the body, needs warming up for singing.

Y gêm rhythm (Rhythm game)

Pete describes how to keep in time when listening to various beats and rhythms. Keeping in time is the aim of the game.