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24 September 2014
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July 2003
The Border Reivers
Brackenhill Tower
Brackenhill Tower

For over 150 years the border lands of England and Scotland were held in the grip of the some of history's most ruthless clans - the Border Reivers

SEE ALSO

Brackenhill Tower
What it is and why it's important.
-
Restoration
Information about the project from BBC Cumbria.
-
BBC Restoration
Homepage featuring all the buildings in the series.
-
The Grahams
Original owners of Brackenhill and feared throughout the Borders.
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The Border Reivers
Who they were and what they did.
-
Lowther Castle
Cumbria's very own fairytale castle.
-
Newland blast furnace
Part of Cumbria's industrial heritage.
-
151 Queen Street
A piece of 18th Century luxury in the heart of modern town.

WEB LINKS

The Border Reivers - who they are, what they did and when they did it!

Tullie House museum and Art gallery - one of the main archives for the Border Reivers.

FACTS

The Reivers, whilst been some of the bloodiest characters in British history, have left a legacy of words in the English language.
Terms in use today that stem directly from the reivers are:
Blackmail
Bereaved
Kidnap

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In the last two decades of the 16th century, England and Scotland were officially at peace. However the border between England and Scotland was in constant dispute between the two crowns.

In the last quarter of the 16th century organised lawlessness had increased to such an extent that by the late 1580's and 1590's there existed what can fairly be described as a reign of terror.

The downward spiral into lawlessness in the border region can be explained by the particular history the border area had endured. Raids, rebellion and war between England and Scotland were bitter and long-drawn out. The border region was the playing field of this upheaval. War, physical hardship and repeated devastation had shaped the border people and their country, and left the legacy of gang warfare and organised crime.

Reiving
Reiv - means to steal. The Reiver period is roughly categorised as 1450 - 1610. The movement came to its height in the late 1500's and ended around 1610. The reiver history is a mixture of fact and folklore. The English crown destroyed almost all of the documentation relating to reiver life and so the reiver's story has passed down through oral history and folk traditions, rather than formal documentation. As a result, it is hard to untangle the mythological from the material when describing the reiver movement.

The reivers were clans who lived in the border territories. The Armstrongs, the Humes, the Watsons and the Grahams were some of the 200 or so clan families who occupied the border areas. Due to this constant upheaval border life was fast and furious.

The clans were pragmatic survivors who would turn any circumstance to their advantage. Some historians would say that the reivers lifestyle developed as constant violent upheaval of the border meant that people were pushed into reiving as a retaliation for their lands being invaded, and pillaged by enemy armies.

However, others say that the clans were just gangs who deliberately cultivated a lifestyle of reprobates.

 

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